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助动词

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助动词(英语:auxiliary verb、英文简称:aux)是一种可以改变主要动词意义或时态的一组动词,在印欧语系语言中非常常见。例如英语中的have、can、will、must等。这些助动词不能自己单独使用,必须要与另外一个动词配合使用才有意义。又助动词在句子中有其固定的出现位置,例如:在直述句中,助动词通常会出现在主词之后,但却在动词之前: "You must go home tonight." 这个句子中,you 是主词,must 是助动词,go 是动词。另外与助动词连用的动词,必须以动词原型或分词形式呈现。

下面是助动词为现在式和过去式比较

     現在式         過去式 
     can       →   could
     will      →   would
     may       →   might
     shall     →   should(註:shall=will有未來之意。should通常用於現在式,表應該之意)
     do/does   →   did
     have/has  →   had

参见

参考文献

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