For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for 北欧.

北欧

维基百科,自由的百科全书

世界贸易组织定义的北欧(蓝色),前东欧的波罗的海三国也被算在内
世界贸易组织定义的北欧(蓝色),前东欧的波罗的海三国也被算在内
根据联合国定义的北欧[1](蓝色):   北欧   西欧   东欧   南欧
根据联合国定义的北欧[1](蓝色):
  北欧

北欧地理上对欧洲北部的简称,一般分为狭义及广义两种定义,狭义包括:丹麦、挪威、瑞典、芬兰、冰岛五国;广义再加上英国、爱尔兰、爱沙尼亚、拉脱维亚、立陶宛五国,一共十个国家。北欧地处高纬,气温偏低,因北大西洋暖流经过,使其气候比同纬度地区暖湿。地形以斯堪的纳维亚半岛为主体,斯堪的纳维亚山脉为半岛骨干,冰河地形发达,地形崎岖、土壤贫瘠,不利农业发展,因为有永夜昼的关系所以适合发展太阳能。

狭义定义

  • 北欧五国瑞典芬兰丹麦挪威冰岛,包括各自的海外自治领地如法罗群岛等。狭义的北欧,是人类高福利、高幸福指数的国家代表,这些国家的电子通讯、家具木材、奶制品、桑拿浴、圣诞姜饼人、北欧刺绣、维京人、卢恩符文等文化都在世界上拥有绝大的影响力。

格陵兰丹麦海外自治领地,与北欧各国在政治历史上关系密切,但在地理划分上被视为北美洲的一部分。

广义定义

在不同定义下加上以下的政治实体:

广义的北欧国家,均拥有悠久的航海历史、铁矿丰富、羊毛畜牧业发达、地势多山丘,在工业化的进程上较快,但对外国经济依赖也较重。

联合国定义

联合国对“北欧”的定义是:[2][3]

参考文献

参见

{{bottomLinkPreText}} {{bottomLinkText}}
北欧
Listen to this article

This browser is not supported by Wikiwand :(
Wikiwand requires a browser with modern capabilities in order to provide you with the best reading experience.
Please download and use one of the following browsers:

This article was just edited, click to reload
This article has been deleted on Wikipedia (Why?)

Back to homepage

Please click Add in the dialog above
Please click Allow in the top-left corner,
then click Install Now in the dialog
Please click Open in the download dialog,
then click Install
Please click the "Downloads" icon in the Safari toolbar, open the first download in the list,
then click Install
{{::$root.activation.text}}

Install Wikiwand

Install on Chrome Install on Firefox
Don't forget to rate us

Tell your friends about Wikiwand!

Gmail Facebook Twitter Link

Enjoying Wikiwand?

Tell your friends and spread the love:
Share on Gmail Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Buffer

Our magic isn't perfect

You can help our automatic cover photo selection by reporting an unsuitable photo.

This photo is visually disturbing This photo is not a good choice

Thank you for helping!


Your input will affect cover photo selection, along with input from other users.