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半闭后不圆唇元音

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半闭后不圆唇元音
ɤ
IPA编号315
编码
HTML码(十进制)ɤ
Unicode码(十六进制)U+0264
X-SAMPA音标7
ASCII音标o-
IPA盲文英语IPA Braille
⠲ (braille pattern dots-256)
⠕ (braille pattern dots-135)
音频范例

半闭后不圆唇元音(英语:close-mid back unrounded vowel、high-mid back unrounded vowel[1])是相应的半闭后圆唇元音/o/的扁唇音。发音同/o/但是口型不圆。

特征

  • 元音舌位,表示舌头的位置会尽可能地朝向口腔后部,但不至于阻碍气流而被归类为子音。
  • 圆唇度不圆唇元音,嘴唇自然放松,不特别向前突起。


见于

语言 词汇 国际音标 意义 注释
Aklanon saeamat [saʔɤmat] 谢谢
巴什基尔语 туғыҙ/tuğïð [tuˈʁɤð]
汉语 闽南语泉州话 /kèr [kɤ˦˩]
普通话 hē /xɤ˥/ 有些地区读成/xɰʌ˥/
英语 开普敦平原英语[2] foot [fɤt] 'foot' /ʊ/的可能实现;也可能是[u][ʉ][2]参见南非英语音系
印度裔南非英语[3] /ʊ/的可能实现;可能有微弱的圆唇[ʊ][3]参见南非英语音系
爱沙尼亚语[4] kõrv [kɤrv] 可以是半闭央元音[ɘ]或闭后元音[ɯ],取决于使用者。[4]参见爱沙尼亚语音系
Gayo[5] kule [kuˈlɤː] 半闭或中元音;/ə/可能的同位异音之一。[5]
爱尔兰语 Uladh /ɤlˠu/ 阿尔斯特 参见爱尔兰语音系
Kaingang[6] mo [ˈᵐbɤ] 尾巴 自后元音[ɤ]到央元音[ɘ]变化。[7]
朝鲜语 庆尚方言 거기 geogi /ˈkɤ̘ɡɪ/ 那里 参见朝鲜语音系
Önge英语Önge language önge /ˈɤŋe/
北Tiwa语支 陶斯语 mânpəumán [ˌmã̀ˑˈpɤ̄u̯mã̄] 它被榨了 可能是央元音[ɘ]
苏格兰盖尔语 doirbh /d̪̊ɤrʲɤv/ 困难 参见苏格兰盖尔语音系
泰语[8] ธอ thoe /tʰɤː/

参考资料

  1. ^ 虽然国际语音学学会较偏好在描述元音高度时使用“开”和“闭”,但许多语言学家也会用“高”和“低”来描述舌头相对于口腔上部的距离。
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 Finn (2004),第970页.
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 Mesthrie (2004),第956页.
  4. ^ 4.0 4.1 Asu & Teras (2009),第369页.
  5. ^ 5.0 5.1 Eades & Hajek (2006),第111页.
  6. ^ Jolkesky (2009),第676–677, 682页.
  7. ^ Jolkesky (2009),第676, 682页.
  8. ^ Tingsabadh & Abramson (1993:25页)

参考文献

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半闭后不圆唇元音
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