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维基百科,自由的百科全书

三锋皆向前的文叉与两锋向前一锋向后的武叉。
三锋皆向前的文叉与两锋向前一锋向后的武叉。

是古代的一种用具,用于捕鱼、农事与战场上。

兵器

中国历史上作为武器的叉有两股到三股分岔,唐代的叉几乎是三股叉,至明代开始出现两股叉。骑兵所使用的叉为马叉,通常为三股叉,其中两旁的叉锋皆向前者为文叉,一股向前而一股向后者为武叉

明代对抗倭寇时出现的镋钯也是一种叉,为短兵中之长者,的形制与之略同。马叉则是与镋钯大同小异,利在于马上使用的叉。[1]

西方的叉类兵器有三叉(Trident)、双叉(Bident)、军叉(Military fork),其中军叉与双叉皆是只有两股叉锋的叉。[2]

参考

  1. ^ 武备志》第一百零四卷第十七页。
  2. ^ 《武器事典》,市川定春 著,新纪元社 发行。
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