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很多非金属元素(包括等)的单质均是双原子分子。其他元素(如)也可能以双原子分子构成单质,但这些双原子分子并不稳定。这些构成单质的双原子分子称为同核双原子分子。其中,的同核双原子分子占地球大气层成分的 99%。



金属元素和其他非金属元素在气态可能是双原子分子,但较罕见。 例子有(Li2)、(Ne2)、(Na2[1](P2)、(S2)、Ar2)、(Cr2)、Rb2)、(Mo2)、(W2)、(At2)和(U2)。



  1. ^ Lu, Z.W.; Wang, Q.; He, W.M.; Ma, Z.G. New parametric emissions in diatomic sodium molecules. Applied Physics B. July 1996, 63 (1): 43–46. Bibcode:1996ApPhB..63...43L. doi:10.1007/BF01112836. 


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