For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for 反对称关系.



数学上,若对所有的 ab 属于 X,下述语句保持有效,则集合 X 上的二元关系 R反对称的:“若 a 关系到 bb 关系到 a,则 a = b。”


严格不等是反对称的;实际上 a < bb < a 是不可能的,因此严格不等的反对称性是一种空虚的真英语Vacuous truth

注意,反对称关系不是对称关系aRb 得到 bRa)的反义。有些关系既是对称的又是反对称的,比如"等于"(证明:a=b推出b=a;a=b且b=a推出a=b);有些关系既不是对称的也不是反对称的,比如"爱上……"(证明:a爱b不能推出b爱a;a爱b且b爱a不能推出a和b是同一个人);有些关系是对称的但不是反对称的,比如"和…结婚"(证明:a和b结婚推出b和a结婚;a和b结婚且b和a结婚不能推出a和b是同一个人);有些关系不是对称的但是反对称的,比如正整数的"整除"(证明:3整除6不能推出6整除3;a整除b,即b=ma,m为正整数,且b整除a,即a=nb,n为正整数,则b=ma=mnb,则mn=1且m,n为正整数,则m=n=1,即a=b)。



{{bottomLinkPreText}} {{bottomLinkText}}
Listen to this article

This browser is not supported by Wikiwand :(
Wikiwand requires a browser with modern capabilities in order to provide you with the best reading experience.
Please download and use one of the following browsers:

This article was just edited, click to reload
This article has been deleted on Wikipedia (Why?)

Back to homepage

Please click Add in the dialog above
Please click Allow in the top-left corner,
then click Install Now in the dialog
Please click Open in the download dialog,
then click Install
Please click the "Downloads" icon in the Safari toolbar, open the first download in the list,
then click Install

Install Wikiwand

Install on Chrome Install on Firefox
Don't forget to rate us

Tell your friends about Wikiwand!

Gmail Facebook Twitter Link

Enjoying Wikiwand?

Tell your friends and spread the love:
Share on Gmail Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Buffer

Our magic isn't perfect

You can help our automatic cover photo selection by reporting an unsuitable photo.

This photo is visually disturbing This photo is not a good choice

Thank you for helping!

Your input will affect cover photo selection, along with input from other users.