For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for 司马保.

司马保

维基百科,自由的百科全书

司马保(296年-320年),景度河内温县人,晋朝宗室,司马懿之弟司马馗的曾孙,南阳王司马模之子。

生平

司马保原为南阳国世子,年轻时有文采,喜欢着作。西晋永嘉五年(311年)被其父表为西中郎将、东校尉,镇守上邽(今中国甘肃省天水市),后又任秦州刺史。同年发生永嘉之祸,晋怀帝司马炽汉国所俘,司马模亦战败被杀。次年(312年),秦王司马业长安(今陕西省西安市)建行台(临时政府),将已袭南阳王位的司马保封为大司马建兴元年(313年),再受封为右丞相、大都督、都督陕西诸军事;与受封为左丞相、大都督、都督陕东诸军事的琅邪王司马睿并列。建兴三年(315年)再被命为相国

次年(316年),晋愍帝司马业又被汉国所俘,帝位虚悬。司马保有登帝位之意,但司马睿先于317年、318年依次称晋王、帝,是为晋元帝;司马保于319年亦称“晋王”,改元建康,并不臣服于司马睿。但在明年(320年),司马保即为部将张春、杨次所囚,不久被处死[注 1]。张春立宗室之子司马瞻为晋王世子。

司马保昏庸懦弱又无决断力,身材肥胖,曾自称重八百斤。嗜睡,有阳痿而不能人道,因此无子。后司马保故将陈安灭张春、杨次,将司马保以天子之礼葬于上邽,并元王

南北朝时期的司马子如自称司马保七世孙。

评价

  • 《晋书》:新蔡、南阳,俱莅方岳。值王室多难,中原芜梗,表义甄节,效绩艰危。于时丑类实繁,凶威日逞,势悬众衅,相继沦亡,悲夫!

注释

  1. ^ 此为《资治通鉴》所载,《晋书》载司马保系病逝。

参考资料

前任:
司马模
晋朝南阳王
312年—319年
继任:
{{bottomLinkPreText}} {{bottomLinkText}}
司马保
Listen to this article

This browser is not supported by Wikiwand :(
Wikiwand requires a browser with modern capabilities in order to provide you with the best reading experience.
Please download and use one of the following browsers:

This article was just edited, click to reload
This article has been deleted on Wikipedia (Why?)

Back to homepage

Please click Add in the dialog above
Please click Allow in the top-left corner,
then click Install Now in the dialog
Please click Open in the download dialog,
then click Install
Please click the "Downloads" icon in the Safari toolbar, open the first download in the list,
then click Install
{{::$root.activation.text}}

Install Wikiwand

Install on Chrome Install on Firefox
Don't forget to rate us

Tell your friends about Wikiwand!

Gmail Facebook Twitter Link

Enjoying Wikiwand?

Tell your friends and spread the love:
Share on Gmail Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Buffer

Our magic isn't perfect

You can help our automatic cover photo selection by reporting an unsuitable photo.

This photo is visually disturbing This photo is not a good choice

Thank you for helping!


Your input will affect cover photo selection, along with input from other users.