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在野党

维基百科,自由的百科全书

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在野党(英语:Opposition),也称为反对党反对派,也表示政党政治民主国家内未执政的政党,和执政党是互斥的集合,通常亦是反对党。特别是在议会民主国家中,最大在野党常以执政预备(在野)的身份提出和执政党竞争的政策。在野党的责任是监督执政党,可避免执政党一意孤行或推行政策时违反国家利益,反映社会不同地域及阶层的意见,公开表达和捍卫重大议题的不同观点,或会出现冗长辩论,但不应有“为反对而反对”的举措;成熟民主国家的在野党,如果努力地为国家尽力并专业监督,或提出新的政纲获得选民支持,可能将会在下次的选举中,击败原执政党,成为新的执政党。这种情况称为政党轮替,要注意的是这时执政党与在野党的角色会互换,直到下一次的政党轮替发生。

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在野党
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