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塔尔图

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塔尔图
Tartu
非独立市
格言:Heade mõtete linn
塔尔图在爱沙尼亚的位置
塔尔图
塔尔图
塔尔图在爱沙尼亚的位置
坐标:58°23′N 26°43′E / 58.383°N 26.717°E / 58.383; 26.717坐标58°23′N 26°43′E / 58.383°N 26.717°E / 58.383; 26.717
国家 爱沙尼亚
塔尔图县
市镇塔尔图市
建立5世纪
城市地位1262年之前
面积
 • 总计38.80 平方公里(14.98 平方英里)
 • 陆地37.9 平方公里(14.6 平方英里)
 • 水域1.3 平方公里(0.5 平方英里)
海拔57.2 米(187.7 英尺)
人口(2017年)
 • 总计96,904人
 • 密度2,498人/平方公里(6,469人/平方英里)
时区EETUTC+2
 • 夏时制EESTUTC+3
邮政号码50050 至 51111

塔尔图爱沙尼亚语Tartu南爱沙尼亚语Tarto),又名多尔帕特(德语:Dorpat)、尤里耶夫(俄语:Юрьев),爱沙尼亚塔尔图县塔尔图市内的非独立市,位于爱沙尼亚东部埃马约吉河畔,是该国第二大城市,有该国最古老的塔尔图大学

与爱沙尼亚政治和经济中心塔林相比,塔尔图被视作知识和文化中心。爱沙尼亚最古老和最著名的大学塔尔图大学即位于该市。塔尔图位于塔林东南186公里,是爱沙尼亚南部的中心。连接爱沙尼亚两大湖沃尔茨湖楚德湖埃马约吉河流经塔尔图。

气候

塔尔图(1991–2020正常值,1901年至今极端数据)
月份 1月 2月 3月 4月 5月 6月 7月 8月 9月 10月 11月 12月 全年
历史最高温 °C(°F) 9.7
(49.5)
10.9
(51.6)
18.4
(65.1)
27.3
(81.1)
30.9
(87.6)
34.0
(93.2)
34.9
(94.8)
35.1
(95.2)
30.3
(86.5)
21.4
(70.5)
13.6
(56.5)
12.5
(54.5)
35.1
(95.2)
平均最高温 °C(°F) 4.7
(40.5)
4.7
(40.5)
10.9
(51.6)
21.1
(70.0)
25.6
(78.1)
27.4
(81.3)
29.3
(84.7)
28.4
(83.1)
23.2
(73.8)
16.1
(61.0)
9.7
(49.5)
5.9
(42.6)
30.7
(87.3)
平均高温 °C(°F) −1.8
(28.8)
−1.6
(29.1)
3.3
(37.9)
11.1
(52.0)
17.1
(62.8)
20.6
(69.1)
23.2
(73.8)
21.8
(71.2)
16.3
(61.3)
9.2
(48.6)
3.2
(37.8)
−0.1
(31.8)
10.2
(50.3)
日均气温 °C(°F) −4.2
(24.4)
−4.5
(23.9)
−0.4
(31.3)
6.1
(43.0)
11.5
(52.7)
15.4
(59.7)
18.1
(64.6)
16.9
(62.4)
12.1
(53.8)
6.3
(43.3)
1.2
(34.2)
−2.2
(28.0)
6.4
(43.4)
平均低温 °C(°F) −6.6
(20.1)
−7.4
(18.7)
−4.1
(24.6)
1.1
(34.0)
5.8
(42.4)
10.2
(50.4)
12.9
(55.2)
11.9
(53.4)
7.9
(46.2)
3.2
(37.8)
−0.8
(30.6)
−4.2
(24.4)
2.5
(36.5)
平均最低温 °C(°F) −20.2
(−4.4)
−20.1
(−4.2)
−13.6
(7.5)
−5.5
(22.1)
1.4
(34.5)
3.2
(37.8)
7.5
(45.5)
5.3
(41.5)
0.5
(32.9)
−4.8
(23.4)
−9.5
(14.9)
−14.3
(6.3)
−24.3
(−11.7)
历史最低温 °C(°F) −37.5
(−35.5)
−36.0
(−32.8)
−29.6
(−21.3)
−19.8
(−3.6)
−7.2
(19.0)
−2.2
(28.0)
1.8
(35.2)
1.7
(35.1)
−6.6
(20.1)
−13.8
(7.2)
−21.6
(−6.9)
−38.6
(−37.5)
−38.6
(−37.5)
平均降水量 mm(英寸) 48.0
(1.89)
37.9
(1.49)
34.2
(1.35)
35.1
(1.38)
51.4
(2.02)
84.8
(3.34)
68.1
(2.68)
79.5
(3.13)
58.1
(2.29)
66.4
(2.61)
53.9
(2.12)
51.2
(2.02)
668.5
(26.32)
平均降水天数(≥ 0.1 mm) 17.73 14.14 12.50 11.00 9.97 13.10 11.90 13.07 12.80 15.23 16.13 18.14 165.43
数据来源:Meteo Climat
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塔尔图
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