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塞迦纪年

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廓尔喀国王普利特维·纳拉扬·沙阿塞迦1685年(公元1763年)莫哈尔银币
廓尔喀国王普利特维·纳拉扬·沙阿塞迦1685年(公元1763年)莫哈尔银币

塞迦纪年缅甸语မဟာ သက္ကရာဇ်泰语มหาศักราชIAST: Śaka era),是印度历史上的一种纪年方法,比公元纪年晚78年。

相传塞迦历是由印度百乘王朝君主沙利哇诃那英语Shālivāhana发明,不过塞迦历的起源争议很大。目前普遍认为塞迦历是西萨特拉普王朝Chastana在公元78年即位时创立的。

塞迦历在笈多王朝时期仍被使用,并在佛教衰落以后成为印度教传统的一部分。6世纪至7世纪左右,塞迦历被传播到东南亚各国。在缅甸、泰国等国,塞迦历俗称大塞迦历缅甸语မဟာ သက္ကရာဇ်缅甸语发音:[məhà θɛʔkəɹɪʔ];泰语:มหาศักราช皇家拉丁音译Mahasakkarat),或简称大历

爪哇宫廷曾使用塞迦历,直到1633年被伊斯兰教历取代。

1959年,印度对塞迦历加以改良,制定了印度国定历,俗称沙利哇诃那·塞迦历。

参见

参考

深入阅读

  • Ricklefs, Merle Calvin. A history of modern Indonesia since c. 1300 2nd. Stanford University Press and Macmillans. 1993. ISBN 9780804721950. 
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塞迦纪年
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