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夏末帝

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夏末帝
统治1226年-1227年8月28日
出生13世纪
逝世1227年8月28日
全名
嵬名𪾢
年号
宝义:1226年七月-1227年七月
政权西夏

嵬名𪾢(?-1227年8月28日),夏献宗侄,父清平郡王,夏献宗病危时被推举为帝,史称“末帝”。

生平

李𪾢在位时已为西夏灭亡的前夕,曾拒降蒙古右丞相高良惠及各将士积极抵抗蒙古,但无奈天意造化弄人,中兴府发生大地震,以致瘟疫肆虐,粮水短缺,军民死伤过半,西夏注定灭亡了。最后于1227年农历六月投降蒙古,1227年8月25日,成吉思汗病故,蒙军恐夏主有变,李𪾢开城投降后,按照成吉思汗遗嘱,在成吉思汗去世三天后,也就是宝义二年七月十五日(1227年8月28日),李𪾢被杀[1]。西夏灭亡后,蒙古军商议屠城,最终在出身党项族的蒙古军将领察罕的极力劝谏下使中兴府内的百姓避免了被屠杀的命运,察罕随后入城安抚城内军民,使西夏遗民得以保全。[2]

参考文献

  1. ^ 新元史》卷三《太祖本纪下》记载:“(元太祖二十二年)秋七月,帝驻跸清水县之西江。壬午,帝疾甚。已丑,崩于灵州。……。西夏主来朝,托言帝有疾,不能见,令于帐外行礼。越三日,诸将遵遗命杀之。西夏亡。 ”节选自新元史》卷三《太祖本纪下》 (页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆
  2. ^ 《元史》卷120《察罕传》,相关记载:“众方议降,会帝崩,诸将擒夏主杀之,复议屠中兴,察罕力谏止之,驰入,安集遗民。” 元史·察罕传》 (页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆
前任:
伯父献宗李德旺
西夏君主
1226-1227
继任:
无(西夏灭亡)
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夏末帝
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