For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for 太岁纪年.

太岁纪年

维基百科,自由的百科全书

太岁纪年是古人根据虚拟的理想天体太岁在天空运行的纪年方法,由岁星纪年衍生而来。岁星自西向东运行的序次称为十二次,则太岁自东向西运行的序次取用十二辰。将十二辰配以十二地支,每一辰取一个年名,是为岁阴。后来又将十天干用于太岁纪年,为每干取一个年名,即岁阳。岁阴、岁阳相配纪年,此后演变为干支纪年,组成六十个年名,六十年周而复始。

太岁纪年中的岁阴、岁阳组成的年名后世较少使用,偶尔使用往往意在存古,如《资治通鉴》每卷卷首即用岁阴岁阳相配的年名标明本卷记事起讫之年。

史记·天官书》中的写法和《尔雅·释天》不同,兹列表于下:[1]

岁阳
天干
尔雅岁名 阏蓬 旃蒙 柔兆 强圉 著雝 屠维 上章 重光 玄黓 昭阳
史记岁名 焉逢 端蒙 游兆 彊梧 徒维 祝犁 商横 昭阳 横艾 尚章
岁阴
地支
尔雅岁名 困敦 赤奋若 摄提格 单阏 执徐 大荒落 敦牂 协洽 涒滩 作鄂 阉茂 大渊献
史记岁名 困敦 赤奋若 摄提格 单阏 执徐 大荒骆/大芒落 敦牂 叶洽 涒滩 作鄂 淹茂 大渊献

举例:

  • 资治通鉴》卷153标题是“梁纪九 屠维作噩 一年”,对应的天干地支是己酉年。其年是梁武帝中大通元年(公元529年)。
  • 文天祥有一首诗诗题为《岁祝犂单阏,月赤奋若,日焉逢涒滩,遇异人指示以》,兼具干支计年、计月、计日的用法。
  • “玄黓”之“玄”字,宋代避讳作“元”,清代避讳缺笔划代之。

大众文化

参阅

参考文献

  1. ^ 刘洪涛. 2003-2. 古代历法计算法
{{bottomLinkPreText}} {{bottomLinkText}}
太岁纪年
Listen to this article

This browser is not supported by Wikiwand :(
Wikiwand requires a browser with modern capabilities in order to provide you with the best reading experience.
Please download and use one of the following browsers:

This article was just edited, click to reload
This article has been deleted on Wikipedia (Why?)

Back to homepage

Please click Add in the dialog above
Please click Allow in the top-left corner,
then click Install Now in the dialog
Please click Open in the download dialog,
then click Install
Please click the "Downloads" icon in the Safari toolbar, open the first download in the list,
then click Install
{{::$root.activation.text}}

Install Wikiwand

Install on Chrome Install on Firefox
Don't forget to rate us

Tell your friends about Wikiwand!

Gmail Facebook Twitter Link

Enjoying Wikiwand?

Tell your friends and spread the love:
Share on Gmail Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Buffer

Our magic isn't perfect

You can help our automatic cover photo selection by reporting an unsuitable photo.

This photo is visually disturbing This photo is not a good choice

Thank you for helping!


Your input will affect cover photo selection, along with input from other users.