For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for 妇产科学.

妇产科学

维基百科,自由的百科全书

妇产科学医学中的一门学科,简称OB/GYN,专门研究女性特有疾病、女性性器官损伤,或是妊娠生产方面的诊疗。可细分为以下三门学科:

专科

在美国,妇产科学医师会接受的专科训练如下:

人力情形

在2000年到2004年,越来越多美国医科的学生不选择妇产科学此一专科[1],因此造成一些州的妇产科医生严重不足,妇女就医时的选择也变少了,原因是因为妇产科的薪资不高[2],工作时间较长,而妇产科医生因医疗结果而被提出诉讼的风险较高。但在2004年开始,越来越多州强制进行民事侵权改革英语tort reform,而美国毕业后医学教育评鉴委员会英语ACGME也决定限制医生的工作时数,因此较多的医科学生选择妇产科。在2007年住院医生实习期英语residency (medicine)的配对中,整个美国只有六处的妇产科找不到实习医生,较以往的记录要低。而妇产科也开始和一些其他外科专业相竞争[3]。根据美国医学院校报告协会提出的“妇女在医学学术研究的状态”报告,妇产科医生中有83%为女性[4]

参考文献

  1. ^ Bower, Amanda, "Today’s Lesson: Switch Specialty." Time. June 9, 2003. Vol. 161, Issue 23, p. 58, 1/2p, 1c.
  2. ^ Physicians' Earnings: Our exclusive survey. [2015-04-20]. (原始内容存档于2007-09-30). 
  3. ^ NRMP: Selected Data Tables 2006. [2015-04-20]. (原始内容存档于2008-05-13). 
  4. ^ Molly Gamble. 10 specialties with the most female residents. Becker's Hospital Review. 2014 [15 December 2014]. (原始内容存档于2015-01-04). 

参见

{{bottomLinkPreText}} {{bottomLinkText}}
妇产科学
Listen to this article

This browser is not supported by Wikiwand :(
Wikiwand requires a browser with modern capabilities in order to provide you with the best reading experience.
Please download and use one of the following browsers:

This article was just edited, click to reload
This article has been deleted on Wikipedia (Why?)

Back to homepage

Please click Add in the dialog above
Please click Allow in the top-left corner,
then click Install Now in the dialog
Please click Open in the download dialog,
then click Install
Please click the "Downloads" icon in the Safari toolbar, open the first download in the list,
then click Install
{{::$root.activation.text}}

Install Wikiwand

Install on Chrome Install on Firefox
Don't forget to rate us

Tell your friends about Wikiwand!

Gmail Facebook Twitter Link

Enjoying Wikiwand?

Tell your friends and spread the love:
Share on Gmail Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Buffer

Our magic isn't perfect

You can help our automatic cover photo selection by reporting an unsuitable photo.

This photo is visually disturbing This photo is not a good choice

Thank you for helping!


Your input will affect cover photo selection, along with input from other users.