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宁州

维基百科,自由的百科全书

崇圣寺三塔

云南政权

宁州,中国古代名。西晋泰始七年(271年)置[1]刺史建宁郡。初置时领四郡,其地大致相当于今云南省迪庆昭通以外的大部分地区。东晋南朝时辖有今云南省全境、贵州省中西部地区。中期以后废。北周南宁州初置南宁州总管府,后废,其地入濮部、六诏

建置沿革

西晋

宁州在汉代三国时为益州南中之地。汉置益州郡永昌郡蜀汉析置兴古郡云南郡,改益州郡为建宁郡西晋泰始七年(271年),晋武帝以益州地域广大,分建宁、兴古、云南与交州之永昌郡置宁州,领四十五县。太康三年(283年)省宁州,其地复入益州,置南夷校尉管辖。惠帝太安二年(303年),复置宁州,领建宁郡、兴古郡、云南郡、永昌郡,又分建宁郡七县置益州郡,割益州牂牁郡越巂郡朱提郡来属,共八郡。永嘉中,分牂牁郡置平夷郡夜郎郡,分朱提郡置南广郡。宁州刺史王逊分兴古郡置西平郡

东晋十六国

十六国时,宁州为成汉所据。李寿分兴古、云南、永昌、牂牁、越巂、朱提及河阳郡汉州。晋永和三年(347年),桓温灭蜀,宁州复为东晋所有。因避桓温父桓彝之讳,改平夷郡为平蛮郡。晋成帝时,分建宁郡置建都郡,分河阳郡置西河阳郡咸康四年(338年),分牂牁、夜郎、越巂、朱提四郡置安州。咸康八年(342年),省宁州,罢永昌郡,越巂郡还属益州。

南朝

南朝刘宋置宁州,领建宁郡、晋宁郡、牂牁郡、平蛮郡、夜郎郡、朱提郡、南广郡、建都郡、西平郡、西河阳郡、东河阳郡、云南郡、兴宁郡、兴古郡、梁水郡十五郡。

南齐时,宁州领建平郡、南广郡、南朱提郡、南牂牁郡、梁水郡、建宁郡、晋宁郡、云南郡、西平郡、夜郎郡、东河阳郡、西河阳郡、平蛮郡、兴古郡、兴宁郡、西阿郡、平乐郡、北朱提郡、宋昌郡、永昌郡、益宁郡、南犍为郡、西益郡江阳郡犍为郡永兴郡永宁郡安宁郡、东朱提郡、安上郡三十郡。

参考书目

  1. 王隐,《晋书地道记》,商务印书馆丛书集成初编排印本
  2. 《晋太康三年地记》,商务印书馆丛书集成初编排印本
  3. 晋书》,中华书局点校本
  4. 宋书·地理志》,中华书局点校本
  5. 南齐书·地理志》,中华书局点校本
  6. 毕沅,《晋书地理志新补正》,商务印书馆丛书集成初编排印本
  7. 王仲荦,1980,《北周地理志》,北京:中华书局

参考文献

  1. ^ 晋书·晋书·武帝纪》:分益州之南中四郡置宁州
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宁州
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