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拓跋寔

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拓跋寔(?-371年),鲜卑拓跋部首领、代王拓跋什翼犍的次子,封为世子,娶东部大人贺野干之女为妻。

371年三月,长孙斤谋反,拔刀向御座谋弑代王什翼犍,拓跋寔起身挡格、当场制服及击杀长孙斤,但亦于缠斗中肋骨中刀[1]。当年五月,拓跋寔终于因伤去世[2]。同年七月,贺夫人为拓跋寔诞下遗腹子拓跋珪[3][4]。当拓跋珪建立魏国即位后,追尊拓跋寔为献明皇帝[5]

参考资料

  1. ^ 《资治通鉴·卷一百三·晋纪二十五》:代将长孙斤谋弑代王什翼犍,世子寔格之,伤胁,遂执斤,杀之。
  2. ^ 《资治通鉴·卷一百三·晋纪二十五》:代世子寔病伤而卒。
  3. ^ 《资治通鉴·卷一百三 晋纪二十五》:代世子寔娶东部大人贺野干之女,有遗腹子,甲戌,生男,代王什翼犍为之赦境内,名曰涉圭。
  4. ^ 《魏书·卷一·序纪第一》:三十四年春,长孙斤谋反,伏诛。斤之反也,拔刃向御座,太子献明皇帝讳寔格之,伤胁。夏五月,薨,后追谥焉。秋七月,皇孙珪生,大赦。
  5. ^ 《魏书·卷二·太祖纪第二》:太祖道武皇帝,讳珪,昭成皇帝之嫡孙,献明皇帝之子也。
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拓跋寔
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