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拓跋沙漠汗

维基百科,自由的百科全书

拓跋沙漠汗(3世纪-277年),中国三国后期至西晋初年的索头部鲜卑人,是南北朝时期北魏所追尊的先祖之一,其父为索头部领袖拓跋力微拓跋悉鹿拓跋绰拓跋禄官皆为其兄弟,妻封氏、侧室兰氏[1]拓跋猗㐌拓跋猗卢拓跋弗则为其子。《魏书·序记》记载沙漠汗“身长八尺,英姿瑰伟”。261年,受力微所派入曹魏质子,及西晋代曹魏,沙漠汗仍为质子,直到267年始北返归国。275年,又至西晋,《资治通鉴》记载此行是为了入贡,然而在将回国时,西晋幽州刺史卫瓘奏请扣留沙漠汗,又用重金贿赂鲜卑各部酋长以挑拨离间。277年,沙漠汗被送回鲜卑部落,然而因沙漠汗在酋长们的宴席中以弹丸击鸟,被认为已为中原所同化,各部酋长遂向力微进谗言,又因沙漠汗入中原为质的这段期间,力微其余诸子受宠爱日甚,使得沙漠汗在力微的默许下被各部酋长所杀。沙漠汗被杀后,力微也十分后悔。虽沙漠汗未曾为索头部首领,但北魏道武帝拓跋珪称帝时,仍将其追为文皇帝。

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注释

  1. ^ 《魏书·皇后列传》:文帝皇后封氏,生桓、穆二帝,早崩。桓帝立,乃葬焉。高宗初,穿天渊池,获一石铭,称桓帝葬母封氏,远近赴会二十余万人。有司以闻,命藏之太庙。 次妃兰氏,生二子,长子曰蓝,早卒;次子,思帝也。
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拓跋沙漠汗
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