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拓跋翳槐

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拓跋翳槐(?-338年),中国东晋十六国时期鲜卑索头部首领、王,329年至335年、337年至338年在位,是南北朝时期北魏皇帝的先祖之一。拓跋郁律之子,拓跋纥那之堂侄。

生平

纥那即代王位时,翳槐居住在其舅父贺兰蔼头贺兰部中。327年,纥那命蔼头交出翳槐,蔼头不从,纥那遂联合宇文部攻贺兰部,不能取胜。329年,蔼头及其他各部酋长共立翳槐为代王,纥那无法抵抗,只好投奔宇文部。翳槐并派其弟拓跋什翼犍出质于后赵请和。

335年,翳槐因蔼头对其不敬乃欲杀之,不料各部因此叛变,此时纥那自宇文部返回,再被拥立为代王,翳槐遂逃奔后赵,为后赵所厚待。337年,翳槐在后赵将领李穆保护下至代国首府大宁(今河北张家口),翳槐的旧部纷纷归附,纥那因此再出奔前燕,而翳槐重新修筑盛乐(今内蒙古和林格尔县)做为首府。

338年,翳槐去世,遗命立远在后赵的什翼犍继代王位。北魏道武帝拓跋珪称帝时,将翳槐追为烈皇帝。

建国七年(344年),其弟什翼犍将他的女儿拓跋氏嫁给了自己的岳父、燕王——慕容皝[1]

后代

参考资料

  1. ^ 魏书·卷一·帝纪第一》昭成皇帝讳什翼犍......七年春二月,遣大人长孙秩迎后慕容氏元真之女于境。夏六月,皇后至自和龙。秋七月,慕容元真遣使奉聘,求交婚。帝许之。九月,以烈帝女妻之......
前任:
堂叔·炀帝拓跋纥那
北魏追尊先祖
索头部鲜卑首领
代国君主
329-335
(第一次)
继任:
堂叔·炀帝拓跋纥那
前任:
堂叔·炀帝拓跋纥那
北魏追尊先祖
索头部鲜卑首领
代国君主
337-338
(第二次)
继任:
弟·昭成帝拓跋什翼犍
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拓跋翳槐
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