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拓跋诘汾

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拓跋诘汾北魏追尊的第十四位始祖。索头部鲜卑族领袖,前任首领拓跋邻之子,在位期间不详,北魏道武帝拓跋珪称帝时,追其为圣武皇帝

事迹

按《魏书·序记》记载拓跋邻在位时,有神人建议迁徙部落,拓跋邻以当时已老,传位予诘汾,诘汾受命南迁。《魏书》形容的迁移过程颇具神话色彩,先是“山谷高深,九难八阻”,部众原本打算停下来。然而“有神兽,其形似马,其声类牛,先行导引,历年乃出。”最后迁移到匈奴的故地。

其后的记载更似神话:后来诘汾有一次率数万骑打猎时,见一美女从天而下,告以是来与诘汾“受命相偶”的,因此“遂同寝宿”。后来天女告别,一年后天女以所生男予诘汾。此男即拓跋力微。诘汾去世后,由力微继立。

史载诘汾除拓跋力微外,尚有长子秃发匹孤(《新唐书·宰相世系表》),“秃发”与“拓跋”是同音异译。匹孤即十六国时期的南凉立国者秃发乌孤之先祖。

参见

前任:
父·献帝拓跋邻
北魏追尊先祖
索头部鲜卑首领
继任:
子·神元帝拓跋力微
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拓跋诘汾
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