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卷舌音

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卷舌音的舌位
卷舌音的舌位
舌形英语Tongue shape
次发音英语Secondary articulation
参见

卷舌音(英语:Retroflex),又称翘舌音舌尖后音。指辅音舌尖音中,舌尖和硬腭前部接触以形成对气流的阻碍而发出来的音。

记音

国际音标中采用以下的符号来记录卷舌音,是在对应的齿龈音符号的右下加上向右的钩。

IPA 描述 示例
语言 写法 IPA 含义
ɳ 卷舌鼻音 晋语汾阳话 [ɳəʔ˥˧] 镊子
ʈ 清卷舌塞音 印地语 टापू (āpū) [ʈaːpuˑ] 岛屿
ɖ 浊卷舌塞音 瑞典语 nord [nuːɖ]
ʂ 清卷舌擦音 官话北京话 上海 (Shànghǎi) [ʂɑ̂ŋ.xàɪ] 上海
ʈʂ 清卷舌塞擦音 波兰语 czas ʈʂäs̪] 时间
ʐ 浊卷舌擦音 俄语 жаба ʐabə] 蟾蜍
ɖʐ 浊卷舌塞擦音 吴语常熟话 Janzhoh [an ʐɔʔ] 常熟
ɻ 卷舌近音 淡米尔语 தமிழ் (Tamil) [t̪ɐmɨɻ] 淡米尔
ɭ 卷舌边近音 朝鲜语 천리마 [tsʰɔɭɭima] 千里马
ɽ 卷舌闪音 豪萨语 shaara [ʃáːɽa] 扫除
ɭ̆ 卷舌边闪音 普什图语 ړوند [ɭ̆und]
清卷舌边擦音 Toda [pʏːꞎ] 夏季
ǃ˞ (‼) 卷舌喌音 Ekoka !Kung [ɡǃ˞ú]

参见

参考文献

  • Ladefoged, Peter; Ian Maddieson (1996). The Sounds of the World's Languages. Oxford: Blackwell. ISBN 0-631-19814-8.
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卷舌音
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