摩托车的安全问题 - Wikiwand
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摩托车的安全问题

维基百科,自由的百科全书

US Navy motorcycle training at Imperial Beach.
US Navy motorcycle training at Imperial Beach.
Some riders take an alternative approach to safety policy.
Some riders take an alternative approach to safety policy.

摩托车的安全问题主要在于在摩托车本身及其配件的设计等各方面,以及其操控技巧及训练的各种问题。 与一般轿车比较,摩托车缺乏车厢的保护,安全性较低,因此常被戏称为“肉包铁”或“皮包铁”。相对地,轿车则被称为“铁包肉”或“铁包皮”[1]。这不单单是猜测,而是在美国在实际统计数字支持,摩托车的意外率比一般汽车为高。

意外率

A CalTrans sign on the 91 eastbound in Anaheim, cautioning drivers to be on the lookout for bikers who may be in their blind spots
A CalTrans sign on the 91 eastbound in Anaheim, cautioning drivers to be on the lookout for bikers who may be in their blind spots

根据美国的国家高速公路交通安全管理局(NHTSA)在2006年的统计数字,每10万辆汽车里,有13.10辆最终会涉及致命的碰撞;但对于摩托车,同等的统计数值却是72.34辆[2]。另一方面,若比较平均行车里数的致命意外比率,摩托车的数值也同样比私家车远远为高,是私家车的35倍[2]

英国,根据其运轮部于2004年的统计数字,若按每亿行车里数的严重意外比率的数字比较,摩托车的意外率是私家车的16倍,单车的两倍[3]

中国,单单是广东省,省内交通意外就有七成与摩托车相关[4]

参看

参考资料

  1. ^ 人民网. “醉驾入刑”一周年:酒驾后逃逸、顶包现象频现. 中国新闻网. 
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 NHTSA’s National Center for Statistics and Analysis, NHTSA: Motorcycles Traffic Safety Fact Sheet (DOT-HS-810-990) (PDF), 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20590: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 2007 [2011-04-18] (英语) 
  3. ^ Clarke, David D.; Ward, Pat; Bartle, Craig; Truman, Wendy. In-Depth Study of Motorcycle Accidents. Department for Transport, UK. November 2004. (原始内容 (Adobe PDF)存档于2007-02-05). 
  4. ^ ?. 2013-05-15 [2013-07-16] (中文(简体)‎). [永久失效链接]

延伸阅读

  • Bayly, M., Regan, M., & Hosking, S. (2006). Intelligent transport systems and motorcycle safety. [Report No. 260]. Melbourne, Australia: Monash University, Accident Research Centre.
  • Berg, F. A., & Rucker, P. (2002). Airbag prototype for a mid-sized touring motorcycle. International Research Council on Biomechanics of Injury Conference. Stuttgart, Germany: DEKRA Automobil.
  • Blanchard, H. T., & Tabloski, P. A. (2006). Motorcycle safety: Educating riders at the teachable moment. Journal of Emergency Nursing, 32(4), 330-332.
  • Broughton, P.S. and Walker, L. (2009), Motorcycling and Leisure: Understanding the Recreational PTW Rider: Ashgate Publishing: Aldershot.
  • Elliott, M. A., Baughan, C. J., Broughton, J., Chinn, B., Grayson, G. B., Knowles, J., et al. (2003). Motorcycle safety: A scoping study. [Report No. TRL581]. Transport Research Laboratory.
  • Huang, B., & Preston, J. (2004). A literature review on motorcycle collisions: Final report. Oxford University, Transport Studies Unit.
  • Pierce, A. (2002). The personal airbag. Tech Directions, 61(7), 10.
  • Fatal Single Vehicle Motorcycle Crashes, report by the US National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. October 2001. 
  • Casualty rates: by road user type and severity: 1994 to 2004 (PDF). Department of Transport, UK. 
  • In-Depth Study of Motorcycle Accidents. Department of Transport, UK. November 2004. (原始内容存档于2007-02-05). 

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摩托车的安全问题
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