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文渊阁大学士

维基百科,自由的百科全书

文渊阁大学士,为明朝清朝内阁大学士名号之一。

明太祖洪武十五年(1382年)设置,以翰林院官员充任,以备顾问应对,官居正五品明成祖永乐年间,开始以殿阁大学士衔简选入内阁参预机要。洪熙宣德以后,内阁之权开始加重,掌管批答奏章,草拟诏命,实际行使宰相的职权。因为品秩较低,常以六部尚书兼任[1]清朝沿置,升为正一品。但权责不如明朝,雍正设立军机处,文渊阁大学士只主管日常例行政务和发布文告[2]

另见

参考文献

  1. ^ 明史》(卷172)
  2. ^ 清史稿》(卷114)
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文渊阁大学士
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