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斧

,又称斧头[1],是一种武器或者伐木工具。是由一根木棍把手接着一块梯形刀片所构成。

原理

斧是利用杠杆原理和冲量等于动量的改变量原理来运作的。

用途

石斧
石斧

石器时代就已有斧,并且被人类在战争中频繁使用。

在民用方面,斧头通常用以砍伐树木,也可以用做木工工具,砍削一些粗大的部件。

斧头也是消防员的常规装备,是劈开诸如门窗等救援障碍物的有效工具。

格斗狩猎中,斧都有很强的近距离战斗力。是给人强烈的粗暴感观的砍击兵器。除了近战格斗,一些特制的斧头还可以用以投掷。在古代,装备战斧的军队往往能够轻易击败使用刀剑的敌军。

斧分类

  • 手斧:人类最早的工具,把一块石头小心地敲击出锋利的边缘而制成。
  • 投斧:可用来投掷目标。
  • 战斧:长柄、专门用来战斗的斧,如:斧枪(halberd)、长柄斧(pollaxe)。
  • 短斧(Hatchet)
  • :大型化的斧。

参看

参考

  1. ^ 《三才图会》器用六卷第四页。

延伸阅读

[在维基数据]

维基文库中的相关文本:钦定古今图书集成·经济汇编·戎政典·斧钺部》,出自陈梦雷古今图书集成
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