For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for 施特恩-格拉赫实验.



此条目需要扩充。 (2015年4月16日)请协助改善这篇条目,更进一步的信息可能会在讨论页扩充请求中找到。请在扩充条目后将此模板移除。



由于高温炉中的温度不足以令大多数原子从基态激发到激发态,施特恩-格拉赫实验主要显示的是基态原子的角动量和磁矩。如果只考虑原子的轨道角动量,屏上斑纹的条数应当是 ,其中 角量子数。对于等原子,实验得到了两条斑纹,反推角量子数是1/2。而根据当时的理论,角量子数只能取整数,因此施特恩-格拉赫实验显示,原子中不只有轨道角动量,还应当有其他形式的角动量。此外,对氧原子所做施特恩-格拉赫实验得到5条斑纹,反推角量子数为2,与当时的理论不符。



  • Friedrich, Bretislav, Dudley Herschbach, "Stern and Gerlach: How a Bad Cigar Helped Reorient Atomic Physics", Physics Today, 2003.12.


  1. ^ Gerlach, W., Stern, O., 1922, Zeitschrift für Physik, 9, 349.
{{bottomLinkPreText}} {{bottomLinkText}}
Listen to this article

This browser is not supported by Wikiwand :(
Wikiwand requires a browser with modern capabilities in order to provide you with the best reading experience.
Please download and use one of the following browsers:

This article was just edited, click to reload
This article has been deleted on Wikipedia (Why?)

Back to homepage

Please click Add in the dialog above
Please click Allow in the top-left corner,
then click Install Now in the dialog
Please click Open in the download dialog,
then click Install
Please click the "Downloads" icon in the Safari toolbar, open the first download in the list,
then click Install

Install Wikiwand

Install on Chrome Install on Firefox
Don't forget to rate us

Tell your friends about Wikiwand!

Gmail Facebook Twitter Link

Enjoying Wikiwand?

Tell your friends and spread the love:
Share on Gmail Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Buffer

Our magic isn't perfect

You can help our automatic cover photo selection by reporting an unsuitable photo.

This photo is visually disturbing This photo is not a good choice

Thank you for helping!

Your input will affect cover photo selection, along with input from other users.