For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for 朱拉历.

朱拉历

维基百科,自由的百科全书

此条目可参照英语维基百科相应条目来扩充。若您熟悉来源语言和主题,请协助参考外语维基百科扩充条目。请勿直接提交机械翻译,也不要翻译不可靠、低品质内容。依版权协议,译文需在编辑摘要注明来源,或于讨论页顶部标记((Translated page))标签。

朱拉历巴利语:Culāsakaraj;缅甸语ကောဇာသက္ကရာဇ် 缅甸语发音:[kɔ́zà θɛʔkəɹɪʔ]高棉语ចុល្លសករាជ Chulasakarach;泰语:จุลศักราช皇家拉丁音译Chunlasakkarat泰语发音:[t͡ɕũn˧.lä˥.säk̚˩.kä˩.räːt̚˨˩]),又译高扎历,是东南亚国家使用的一种阴阳历。这种历又被称为小历。在泰语中,朱拉历纪年简写为“จ.ศ.”。

朱拉历的字面意思是“塞迦小历”。这一历法于640年由室利差呾罗王国英语Sri Ksetra Kingdom发明,638年3月22日被确定为此历法的0年的第一天。此历法是对之前塞迦大历大幅修正后创立的。此后,这一历法被蒲甘王国继续使用。清迈兰纳)、清盛英语Chiang Saen District西双版纳景陇)及其附近的泰族小国于11世纪中叶臣服于蒲甘的国王阿奴律陀,并接受了这个历法,但南奔素可泰除外。后来,又称为高棉帝国的标准历法。16世纪,此历法被阿瑜陀耶王国澜沧王国所采纳。

泰国此后一直将其作为标准历法,直至1889年4月1日被朱拉隆功下令废止,改为拉达那哥欣历泰语รัตนโกสินทรศก。自此以后,朱拉历不再是任何国家的标准历法。现今泰国采用佛历纪年,但朱拉历纪年仍被泰国历史学家广泛使用。

参见

{{bottomLinkPreText}} {{bottomLinkText}}
朱拉历
Listen to this article

This browser is not supported by Wikiwand :(
Wikiwand requires a browser with modern capabilities in order to provide you with the best reading experience.
Please download and use one of the following browsers:

This article was just edited, click to reload
This article has been deleted on Wikipedia (Why?)

Back to homepage

Please click Add in the dialog above
Please click Allow in the top-left corner,
then click Install Now in the dialog
Please click Open in the download dialog,
then click Install
Please click the "Downloads" icon in the Safari toolbar, open the first download in the list,
then click Install
{{::$root.activation.text}}

Install Wikiwand

Install on Chrome Install on Firefox
Don't forget to rate us

Tell your friends about Wikiwand!

Gmail Facebook Twitter Link

Enjoying Wikiwand?

Tell your friends and spread the love:
Share on Gmail Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Buffer

Our magic isn't perfect

You can help our automatic cover photo selection by reporting an unsuitable photo.

This photo is visually disturbing This photo is not a good choice

Thank you for helping!


Your input will affect cover photo selection, along with input from other users.