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机械加工

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机械加工是一种用加工机械对工件的外形尺寸或性能进行改变的过程。按被加工的工件处于的温度状态,分为冷加工和热加工。一般在常温下加工,并且不引起工件的化学或物相变化,称冷加工。一般在高于常温状态的加工,会引起工件的化学或物相变化,称热加工。冷加工按加工方式的差别可分为切削加工和压力加工。热加工常见有热处理锻造铸造焊接

机械加工经常涉及移除多余材料;符合这种特征的加工也叫减材制造。这个新造词是对应三维打印的“增材制造”造出,在中国还有个表示成型加工英语forming (metalworking)的“等材制造”。

类别

切削加工

压力加工

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机械加工
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