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欧洲联盟人口

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欧盟人口欧盟共有28个成员国,人口构成和文化十分多样。2014年1月1日时,欧盟约有人口5.074亿人[1]。欧盟人口最多的成员国是德国,有人口约8210万人。人口最少的成员国是马耳他,有人口约40万。欧盟的平均总合出生率是1.6.出生率最高的国家是爱尔兰,最低的国家是德国。


欧盟28国面积和人口
(2014年1月1日估计)[2]
成员国 人口 占欧盟百分比 陆地面积
km2
占欧盟面积百分比 人口密度
欧盟 507,416,607 100.00% 4,324,782 100.00 116.0
奥地利 8,507,786 1.68% 83,858 1.9 99.7
比利时 11,203,992 2.21% 30,510 0.7 352.0
保加利亚 7,245,677 1.43% 110,912 2.5 68.5
克罗地亚 4,246,700 0.84% 56,594 1.3 75.8
塞浦路斯 858,000 0.17% 9,250 0.2 86.6
捷克 10,512,419 2.07% 78,866 1.8 132.8
丹麦 5,627,235 1.11% 43,094 1.0 128.1
爱沙尼亚 1,315,819 0.26% 45,226 1.0 29.6
芬兰 5,451,270 1.07% 337,030 7.6 15.8
法国[3] 65,856,609 12.98% 643,548 14.6 99.6
德国 80,780,000 15.92% 357,021 8.1 229.9
希腊 10,992,589 2.17% 131,957 3.0 85.4
匈牙利 9,879,000 1.95% 93,030 2.1 107.8
爱尔兰 4,604,029 0.91% 70,280 1.6 64.3
意大利 60,782,668 11.98% 301,320 6.8 200.4
拉脱维亚 2,001,468 0.39% 64,589 1.5 35.0
立陶宛 2,943,472 0.58% 65,200 1.5 51.4
卢森堡 549,680 0.11% 2,586 0.1 190.1
马耳他 425,384 0.08% 316 0.0 1,305.7
荷兰 16,829,289 3.32% 41,526 0.9 396.9
波兰 38,495,659 7.59% 312,685 7.1 121.9
葡萄牙 10,427,301 2.05% 92,931 2.1 114.4
罗马尼亚 19,942,642 3.93% 238,391 5.4 90.2
斯洛伐克 5,415,949 1.07% 48,845 1.1 110.8
斯洛文尼亚 2,061,085 0.41% 20,253 0.5 101.4
西班牙 46,507,760 9.17% 504,782 11.4 93.4
瑞典 9,644,864 1.90% 449,964 10.2 20.6
英国 64,308,261 12.67% 244,820 5.5 251.7

人口普查

重要数据

27国(自2020年)

人口 出生人数 死亡人数 自然增加 粗出生率(‰) 粗死亡率(‰) 自然增加率(‰) 总生育率
1960 355,968,032
1961 358,917,677 6,657,429 3,508,800 3,148,629 18.5 9.8 8.8
1962 362,292,099 6,600,463 3,721,195 2,879,268 18.2 10.3 7.9
1963 365,754,385 6,715,244 3,723,423 2,991,821 18.4 10.2 8.2
1964 368,938,389 6,796,911 3,622,925 3,173,986 18.4 9.8 8.6
1965 371,982,334 6,640,838 3,751,106 2,889,732 17.9 10.1 7.8
1966 374,882,363 6,578,243 3,718,683 2,859,560 17.5 9.9 7.6
1967 377,698,630 6,718,346 3,811,566 2,906,780 17.8 10.1 7.7
1968 380,351,144 6,610,324 3,951,103 2,659,221 17.4 10.4 7.0
1969 382,976,404 6,482,385 4,079,386 2,402,999 16.9 10.7 6.3
1970 385,137,827 6,302,419 3,986,877 2,315,542 16.4 10.4 6.0
1971 387,270,862 6,303,901 4,047,311 2,256,590 16.3 10.5 5.8
1972 389,902,199 6,152,597 3,995,901 2,156,696 15.8 10.2 5.5
1973 392,434,984 6,032,514 4,079,758 1,952,756 15.4 10.4 5.0
1974 394,804,887 6,098,560 4,046,095 2,052,465 15.4 10.2 5.2
1975 396,936,395 5,961,857 4,163,866 1,797,991 15.0 10.5 4.5
1976 399,002,351 5,927,646 4,163,979 1,763,667 14.9 10.4 4.4
1977 400,935,349 5,860,777 4,096,398 1,764,379 14.6 10.2 4.4
1978 402,782,640 5,774,451 4,171,363 1,603,088 14.3 10.4 4.0
1979 404,564,541 5,730,006 4,144,125 1,585,881 14.2 10.2 3.9
1980 406,417,979 5,720,295 4,250,071 1,470,224 14.1 10.5 3.6
1981 408,131,851 5,591,081 4,217,650 1,373,431 13.7 10.3 3.4
1982 409,501,178 5,523,341 4,183,575 1,339,766 13.5 10.2 3.3
1983 410,557,063 5,355,464 4,304,514 1,050,950 13.0 10.5 2.6
1984 411,456,968 5,318,550 4,233,094 1,085,456 12.9 10.3 2.6
1985 412,391,874 5,264,500 4,335,723 928,777 12.8 10.5 2.3
1986 413,482,162 5,243,235 4,296,210 947,025 12.7 10.4 2.3
1987 414,653,514 5,193,167 4,242,345 950,822 12.5 10.2 2.3
1988 415,967,079 5,221,160 4,246,582 974,578 12.6 10.2 2.3
1989 417,372,976 5,123,258 4,265,774 857,484 12.3 10.2 2.1
1990 418,764,395 5,095,162 4,324,569 770,593 12.2 10.3 1.8
1991 419,958,792 4,950,436 4,350,854 599,582 11.8 10.4 1.4
1992 421,163,060 4,837,349 4,304,019 533,330 11.5 10.2 1.3
1993 422,508,788 4,691,242 4,367,728 323,514 11.1 10.3 0.8
1994 423,532,766 4,562,253 4,314,434 247,819 10.8 10.2 0.6
1995 424,301,173 4,448,929 4,355,217 93,712 10.5 10.3 0.2
1996 424,957,650 4,453,778 4,361,669 92,109 10.5 10.3 0.2
1997 425,560,270 4,446,644 4,316,381 130,263 10.4 10.1 0.3
1998 427,740,621 4,420,951 4,329,087 91,864 10.3 10.1 0.2
1999 428,431,186 4,418,622 4,331,000 87,622 10.3 10.1 0.2
2000 428,929,021 4,487,745 4,267,048 220,697 10.5 9.9 0.5
2001 429,481,944 4,393,825 4,231,178 162,647 10.2 9.9 0.4 1.43
2002 430,456,663 4,364,928 4,284,989 79,939 10.1 10.0 0.2 1.43
2003 431,976,112 4,384,916 4,373,650 11,266 10.2 10.1 0.0 1.44
2004 433,589,156 4,441,177 4,190,920 250,257 10.2 9.7 0.6 1.46
2005 435,116,254 4,454,301 4,288,668 165,633 10.2 9.9 0.4 1.47
2006 436,521,866 4,515,537 4,224,330 291,207 10.3 9.7 0.7 1.50
2007 437,984,240 4,551,180 4,271,736 279,444 10.4 9.8 0.6 1.52
2008 439,386,639 4,675,051 4,312,237 362,814 10.6 9.8 0.8 1.57
2009 440,426,387 4,622,368 4,341,741 280,627 10.5 9.9 0.6 1.56
2010 441,041,446 4,603,858 4,344,647 259,211 10.4 9.9 0.6 1.57
2011 440,260,386 4,458,386 4,318,817 139,569 10.1 9.8 0.3 1.54
2012 440,905,186 4,417,656 4,441,347 -23,691 10.0 10.1 -0.1 1.54
2013 441,958,943 4,303,313 4,419,258 -115,945 9.7 10.0 -0.3 1.51
2014 443,274,551 4,361,239 4,372,607 -11,368 9.8 9.9 0.0 1.54
2015 444,234,821 4,330,922 4,620,411 -289,489 9.7 10.4 -0.7 1.54
2016 445,167,186 4,379,549 4,534,200 -154,651 9.8 10.2 -0.3 1.57
2017 445,816,427 4,320,121 4,659,998 -339,877 9.7 10.5 -0.8 1.56
2018 446,461,494 4,245,710 4,693,445 -447,735 9.5 10.5 -1.0 1.55
2019
Average population Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) Total fertility rate

参考资料

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欧洲联盟人口
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