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渡轮

维基百科,自由的百科全书

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香港新渡轮双层渡船
香港新渡轮双层渡船
香港新渡轮三层渡船
香港新渡轮三层渡船
香港新渡轮双体渡船
香港新渡轮双体渡船
到达史泰登岛的一艘Kennedy级渡船
到达史泰登岛的一艘Kennedy级渡船
贵池池口内河码头渡船
贵池池口内河码头渡船

渡轮,亦称为摆渡船交通船,在固定航线上用来运输乘客商船,一般提供双向运送服务。渡轮有时也运送载具货物,有时因其功能不同而被称作“水上巴士”或“水上计程车”。渡船对岛屿与位于水边都市来说是一种大众运输系统,对于两点间的运输来说,渡船的成本比建造桥梁隧道都来得低。但缺点是易受气候影响而停航。

类型

渡船的设计取决于航程的长短、装载量的多寡、速度的要求与水域的环境。

双端渡船。
双端渡船。
  • 双端船(Double-ended):船的两端都可作船头,这样在到站与离站时则不需转身。
  • 水翼船
  • 气垫船
  • 双体船
  • 滚装船(Roll-on/roll-off):是指车辆可以直接开进出船里的船只。
RO-RO渡船。
RO-RO渡船。

参考文献

参见

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渡轮
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