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爱尔兰人

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爱尔兰人
Éireannaigh
总人口
估计8,000万人有爱尔兰血统[1]
分布地区
 爱尔兰4,500,000
 美国40,000,000+[2]
 英国6,000,000[3]
 加拿大4,354,155[4]
 澳大利亚5,900,000[5]
 阿根廷1,000,000[6]
 墨西哥600,000
语言
英语爱尔兰语阿尔斯特苏格兰语雪尔塔语
宗教信仰
天主教(大多数)
新教爱尔兰长老会爱尔兰国教会、爱尔兰循道卫理联合教会)
相关族群
布列塔尼人康沃尔人,曼岛人,苏格兰人阿尔斯特苏格兰人威尔士人,盎格鲁 - 爱尔兰
注释
约有80万爱尔兰出生的人居住在英国,大约有1,400万人称有爱尔兰血统。[7]

爱尔兰人,狭义上指爱尔兰共和国公民,广义上来讲是自古居住在爱尔兰岛上的人们。广义的爱尔兰人属于地中海人种(凯尔特人),爱尔兰岛分为两部分,南部是爱尔兰共和国,北部是北爱尔兰,由英国统治。但无论南北,都属于广义的爱尔兰人。

爱尔兰人(Irish: Muintir na hÉireann or na hÉireannaigh; Ulster-Scots: Airisch or Airish fowk)是欧洲西北部的爱尔兰岛的一个种族。爱尔兰岛有人居住的历史达9,000年(根据考古学研究,详见史前爱尔兰)

关于爱尔兰人的祖先,传说中他们是 Nemedians族、佛摩尔族、伯克族、 Tuatha Dé Danann族和米利都人中一族的后人。一本爱尔兰神学书Lebor Gabála Érenn说Tuatha Dé Dananns是Scythian人的后代。

与爱尔兰主族的相互影响的有皮克特人苏格兰人维京人。归功于这中影响,冰岛人也以有爱尔兰血统而著称。

参考资料

  1. ^ The island history页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆), discoverireland.com
  2. ^ American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. U.S. Census Bureau, 2007. Factfinder.census.gov. [2010-05-30]. (原始内容存档于2020-02-12). 
  3. ^ One in four Britons claim Irish roots. BBC News. 2001-03-16 [2010-03-28]. (原始内容存档于2016-09-04). 
  4. ^ Ethnocultural portrait of Canada. Statistics Canada. 2006 [2008-07-04]. (原始内容存档于2008-05-31). 
  5. ^ The 2006 Australian Census页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆) reports 1.9 million people of Irish ancestry in the 2001 Census. Up to two ancestries could be chosen. Recent increases in the number who identify as Australian suggest that this number is an underestimate of the true number with Irish ancestry. With that being said, the number claiming Irish ancestry from the previous census actually more than doubled. One reason, an improved image of what it means to be Irish according to the census experts, making Australians more proud to state their Irish ancestry. Also the Australian Embassy in Dublin states that up to 30 percent of Australians have some degree of Irish ancestry.[1]页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆).
  6. ^ An Irish Argentine in the Easter Rising[永久失效链接]
  7. ^ Bowcott, Owen. More Britons applying for Irish passports | UK news | guardian.co.uk. The Guardian (London). 2006-09-13 [2009-12-31]. (原始内容存档于2007-12-14). 
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爱尔兰人
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