猎鹰9号运载火箭发射任务列表 - Wikiwand
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猎鹰9号运载火箭发射任务列表

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猎鹰9号FT Block 5(英语:Falcon 9 Full Thrust Block 5[1][2]是猎鹰9号的最新版本,火箭在Block 3 和 Block 5中的最大变化是所有发动机上的更高推力和着陆腿的改进。此外,许多小的变化将有助于简化恢复和可重用性。第一级助推器改变的重点是提高生产速度和重复使用的效率。SpaceX的目标是每一个Block 5 助推器飞行10次,只有检查两次,最多100次翻新。

2018年5月11日,猎鹰9号FT Block 5 的处女航发射了 Bangabandhu-1 卫星。

2018年6月29日,猎鹰9号 Block 4 执飞了该版本的最后一个任务-发射龙飞船 CRS-15 到国际太空站。这也是一个由Block 4 到全 Block 5 执飞的过渡期。


发射列表

任务编号 时间 (UTC) 型号 发射场 载荷 载荷质量 轨道 用户 结果
主任务 回收

2010到2013[编辑]

1 2010年6月4日18:45 v1.0[3] CC LC40 龙飞船认证飞行 LEO 太空探索科技公司 成功 未尝试
2 2010年12月8日15:43[4] v1.0[3] CC LC40 NASA COTS – Demo 1,2及立方星[5] LEO NASA商业轨道运输服务英语Commercial Orbital Transportation Services美国国家侦察局 成功 未尝试
3 2012年5月22日07:44[6] v1.0[3] CC LC40 NASA COTS – Demo C2+[7] 525千克
(1,157磅)
LEO NASA商业轨道运输服务英语Commercial Orbital Transportation Services 成功[8] 未尝试
4 2012年10月8日00:34[9] v1.0[3] CC LC40 Primary payload: SpaceX CRS-1[10] 500千克
(1,100磅)
LEO NASA商业轨道运输服务英语Commercial Orbital Transportation Services 成功 未尝试
次级载荷: Orbcomm-OG2[11] 172千克
(379磅)
LEO Orbcomm 失败[12][13]
5 2013年3月1日15:10[14] v1.0[3] CC LC40 SpaceX CRS-2[15][16] 677千克
(1,493磅)
LEO NASA商业轨道运输服务英语Commercial Orbital Transportation Services 成功 未尝试
6 2013年9月29日16:00 v1.1[3] VAFB SLC-4E CASSIOPE[17] 500千克
(1,100磅)
极轨道 MDA Corp 成功 海中(无回收船)
失败
7 2013年12月3日22:41[18] v1.1 CC LC40 SES-8[19][20] 3,170千克
(6,990磅)
GTO SES 成功[21] 未尝试

2014[编辑]

8 2014年1月6日22:06[22] v1.1 CC LC40 Thaicom 6 3,325千克
(7,330磅)
GTO Thaicom 成功[23] 未尝试
9 2014年4月18日19:25[24] v1.1 CC LC40 SpaceX CRS-3[15][16] 2,296千克
(5,062磅)
LEO NASA商业轨道运输服务英语Commercial Orbital Transportation Services 成功 海中(无回收船)
成功
10 2014年7月14日15:15 v1.1 CC LC40 OG2 Mission 1
6颗OG2英语Orbcomm satellites#Orbcomm-OG2卫星
1,316千克
(2,901磅)
LEO Orbcomm 成功[25] 海中(无回收船)
成功
11 2014年8月5日08:00 v1.1 CC LC40 AsiaSat 8[26][27][28] 4,535千克
(9,998磅)
GTO 亚洲卫星 成功[29] 未尝试
12 2014年9月7日05:00 v1.1 CC LC40 AsiaSat 6[26][27][30] 4,428千克
(9,762磅)
GTO 亚洲卫星 成功[31] 未尝试
13 2014年9月21日05:52[32][33] v1.1 CC LC40 SpaceX CRS-4[16] 2,216千克
(4,885磅)
LEO NASA商业轨道运输服务英语Commercial Orbital Transportation Services 成功[34] 海中(无回收船)
成功

2015[编辑]

14 2015年1月10日09:47[35] v1.1 CC LC40 SpaceX CRS-5[26] 2,395千克
(5,280磅)
LEO NASA商业轨道运输服务英语Commercial Orbital Transportation Services 成功[36] 海上回收
失败
15 2015年2月11日23:03[37] v1.1 CC LC40 DSCOVR[38] 570千克
(1,260磅)
地-日 L1 美国空军 / 美国国家航空航天局 / 美国国家海洋和大气管理局 成功 海中(无回收船)
成功
16 2015年3月2日03:50[39][40] v1.1 CC LC40 ABS-3A,
Eutelsat 115 West B (ex-Satmex 7)[26]
4,159千克
(9,169磅)
GTO Asia Broadcast Satellite,
Eutelsat Satmex)
成功 未尝试
17 2015年4月14日20:10[39] v1.1 CC LC40 SpaceX CRS-6[26] 1,898千克
(4,184磅)
LEO NASA商业轨道运输服务英语Commercial Orbital Transportation Services 成功 海上回收
失败
18 2015年4月27日23:03[41] v1.1 CC LC40 TurkmenAlem52E/MonacoSAT [42] 4,707千克
(10,377磅)
GTO Turkmenistan National Space Agency[43] 成功 未尝试
19 2015年6月28日14:21[39][44] v1.1 CC LC40 SpaceX CRS-7[26] 1,952千克
(4,303磅)
LEO NASA商业轨道运输服务英语Commercial Orbital Transportation Services 失败[45] 未尝试
20 2015年12月22日01:29[46] FT CC LC40 OG-2 Mission 2[46]
11 OG2 satellites
2,034千克
(4,484磅)
LEO Orbcomm 成功 陆地回收
成功

2016[编辑]

21 2016年1月17日18:42[39] v1.1 VAFB SLC-4E Jason-3[47] 553千克
(1,219磅)
LEO 美国国家航空航天局, 美国国家海洋和大气管理局,
法国国家太空研究中心
成功 海上回收
失败
22 2016年3月4日23:35[39] FT CC LC40 SES-9[48][49] 5,271千克
(11,621磅)
GTO SES 成功 海上回收
失败
23 2016年4月8日20:43[39] FT CC LC40 SpaceX CRS-8[49] 3,136千克
(6,914磅)
LEO NASA商业轨道运输服务英语Commercial Orbital Transportation Services 成功[50] 海上回收
成功
24 2016年5月6日05:21[39] FT CC LC40 JCSAT-14[51] 4,696千克
(10,353磅)
GTO JSAT公司 成功 海上回收
成功
25 2016年5月27日21:39[39] FT CC LC40 Thaicom 8 3,100千克
(6,800磅)
GTO Thaicom 成功 海上回收
成功
26 2016年6月15日14:29[39] FT CC LC40 ABS 2A,
Eutelsat 117 West B (ex-Satmex 9)
3,600千克
(7,900磅)
GTO Asia Broadcast Satellite,
Eutelsat (Satmex)
成功 海上回收
失败
27 2016年7月18日04:45[39] FT CC LC40 SpaceX CRS-9[52]

[53]

2,257千克
(4,976磅)
LEO NASA商业轨道运输服务英语Commercial Orbital Transportation Services 成功 陆地回收
成功
28 2016年8月14日05:26 FT CC LC40 JCSAT-16 4,600千克
(10,100磅)
GTO SKY Perfect JSAT Group 成功 海上回收
成功
不适用 2016年9月1日13:07 FT CC LC40 Amos-6[54] 5,500千克
(12,100磅)
GTO Spacecom 失败
(发射前爆炸)
海上回收[55]
N/A

2017[编辑]

29 2017年1月14日 17:54 FT VAFB SLC-4E Iridium NEXT 1-10[56][57][58] 9,600千克
(21,200磅)
LEO 铱卫星 成功 海上回收
成功[59]
30 2017年2月19日 14:39 FT KSC LC-39A SpaceX CRS-10[52] 2,490千克
(5,490磅)
LEO NASA商业轨道运输服务英语Commercial Orbital Transportation Services 成功 陆地回收
成功[60]
31 2017年3月16日 06:00 FT
B1030[61]
KSC LC-39A EchoStar 23 5,600千克
(12,300磅)
GTO EchoStar 成功 未尝试
32 2017年3月30日 22:27 FT
B1021.2[62]
KSC LC-39A SES-10 5,300千克
(11,700磅)
GTO SES 成功 海上回收
成功
33 2017年5月1日 11:15 FT
B1032.1[63]
KSC LC-39A NROL-76 机密 LEO 美国国家侦察局 成功 陆地回收
成功
34 2017年5月15日 23:21 FT
B1034[64]
KSC LC-39A Inmarsat-5 F4 6,070千克
(13,380磅)
GTO 国际海事卫星组织 成功 未尝试
35 2017年6月3日 21:07 FT
B1035.1[65]
KSC LC-39A SpaceX CRS-11 2,708千克
(5,970磅)
LEO NASA商业轨道运输服务英语Commercial Orbital Transportation Services 成功 陆地回收
成功
36 2017年6月23日 19:10 FT
B1029.2[66]
KSC LC-39A BulgariaSat-1英语BulgariaSat-1 3,669千克
(8,089磅)
GTO Bulsatcom英语Bulsatcom 成功 海上回收
成功
第二次复用火箭:B1029于2017年1月铱卫星任务后再次用于发射GTO任务,不过降落之后,马斯克在推特表示B1029“烤过头了”,因此可能会退役。[66] BulgariaSat-1是保加利亚第一颗商业通讯卫星,将会为欧洲东南地区提供电视广播和其他通讯服务。[66]
37 2017年6月25日 20:25 FT 
B1036.1[67]
VAFB SLC-4E Iridium NEXT 11–20英语Iridium satellite constellation 9,600千克
(21,200磅)
LEO 铱卫星 成功 海上回收
成功
首次使用钛金属制栅格翼以提升返回时的操控性和耐热性。[68]
38 2017年7月5日 23:38 FT 
B1037[69]
KSC LC-39A Intelsat 35e[70] 6,761千克
(14,905磅)
GTO Intelsat 成功 未尝试
受卫星6761kg质量所限,火箭以一次性构型发射,未尝试回收一级。[71]
39 2017年8月14日 16:31 F9 FT/B4
B1039.1[72]
KSC LC-39A SpaceX CRS-12[52] 3,310千克
(7,300磅)
近地轨道 美国 NASA (CRS) 成功 成功
(陆地回收)
龙飞船携带了2,349千克(5,179磅)的加压货物与961千克(2,119磅) 的非加压货物。非加压货物包括CREAM英语Cosmic Ray Energetics and Mass Experiment#ISS-CREAM宇宙射线探测器。[73]Block 4的首飞。Block 4升级包括主发动机增推和其他一些小改进。[72]最后一次发射全新的龙飞船加压舱,今后的任务将使用翻新后的回收飞船。[74]
40 2017年8月24日 18:50 F9 FT
B1038.1[75]
VAFB SLC-4E 福尔摩沙卫星五号(FORMOSAT-5)[76][77][78] 475千克
(1,047磅)
太阳同步轨道 台湾 国家太空中心 成功 成功
(海上回收)
福尔摩沙卫星五号是台湾国家太空中心的一颗地球观测卫星Spaceflight Industries英语Spaceflight Industries的太空拖船SHERPA英语SHERPA (space tug)从该次任务的载荷中被移除。[79]
41 2017年9月7日 14:00 F9 FT/B4
B1040.1
KSC LC-39A Boeing X-37B OTV-5 4,990千克
(11,000磅) + 未知载荷
近地轨道 美国空军 成功 成功
(陆地回收)
42 2017年10月9日 12:37 F9 FT/B4
B1041.1
VAFB SLC-4E Iridium NEXT 21–30英语Iridium satellite constellation 9,600千克
(21,200磅)
近地轨道 铱卫星 成功 成功
(海上回收)
43 2017年10月11日 22:53 F9 FT
B1031.2
KSC LC-39A SES-10 / EchoStar 105 5,200千克
(11,500磅)
GTO SES
EchoStar英语EchoStar
成功 成功
(海上回收)
44 2017年10月30日 19:34 F9 FT
B1042.1
KSC LC-39A Koreasat 5A英语Koreasat 5A 3,500千克
(7,700磅)
GTO KT公司 成功 成功
(海上回收)
45 2017年12月15日 15:36 F9 FT
B1035.2
CC LC40 SpaceX CRS-13英语SpaceX CRS-13 2,205千克
(4,861磅)
近地轨道 美国 NASA (CRS) 成功 成功
(陆地回收)
46 2017年12月23日 01:27 F9 FT/B4
B1036.2
VAFB SLC-4E Iridium NEXT 31–40英语Iridium satellite constellation 9,600千克
(21,200磅)
近地轨道 铱卫星 成功 未尝试

2018

任务编号 时间 (UTC) 型号 发射场 载荷 载荷质量 轨道 用户 结果
主任务 回收
47 2018年1月8日,01:00[80] F9 B4
B1043.1[81]
CCAFS SLC-40
Zuma[81][82][83] Classified LEO 诺斯洛普·格鲁门[a][81] 成功[84]
(payload status unclear)
成功
(ground pad)
48 2018年1月31日,21:25[85] F9 FT ♺
B1032.2[86]
CCAFS SLC-40 GovSat-1 / SES-16[87] 4,230千克
(9,330英磅)[88]
GTO SES 成功 成功[b]
(海洋)
FH 1 2018年2月6日,20:45[89] Heavy core
B1033[63]
KSC LC-39A 伊隆·马斯克的特斯拉Roadster[90][91] ~1,250千克
(2,760英磅)[92]
Heliocentric
0.99–1.67
AU[92]
SpaceX 成功[93] 失败[93]
(drone ship)
B1023.2[94] (side) ♺ 成功
(ground pad)
B1025.2[94] (side) ♺ 成功
(ground pad)
49 2018年2月22日,14:17[95] F9 FT ♺
B1038.2[96]
VAFB SLC-4E 2,150千克
(4,740英磅)
SSO
成功 No attempt
50 2018年3月6日,05:33[99] F9 B4
B1044[100]
CCAFS SLC-40 Hispasat 30W-6[101]
PODSat[102]
6,092千克
(13,431英磅)[103]
GTO Hispasat[101]
NovaWurks
成功 未知[b]
(海洋)
51 2018年3月30日
14:14[104]
F9 B4 ♺
B1041.2[96]
VAFB SLC-4E Iridium NEXT 41–50[56] 9,600千克
(21,200英磅)
LEO 铱卫星 成功 未知[b]
(海洋)
52 2018年4月2日
20:30[105]
F9 B4 ♺
B1039.2[106]
CCAFS SLC-40 SpaceX CRS-14[52] 2,647千克
(5,836英磅)[106]
LEO NASA(CRS) 成功 No attempt[107]
The launch used a refurbished booster (from CRS-12) and a refurbished capsule (C110 from CRS-8).[106] External payloads include a materials research platform MISSE-FF[108] phase 3 of the Robotic Refueling Mission[109] TSIS,[110] ASIM heliophysics sensor,[73] several crystallization experiments,[111] and the RemoveDEBRIS system aimed at space debris removal.[112] The booster was expended, and SpaceX collected more data on reentry profiles.[107] It also carried the first Costa Rican satellite, Project Irazú,[113] and the first 肯尼亚n satellite, 1KUNS-PF.[114]
53 2018年4月18日 22:51[115] F9 B4
B1045.1[96]
CCAFS
SLC-40
Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS)[116] 362千克
(798英磅)[117]
HEO for P/2 orbit NASA (LSP) 成功[118] 成功[118]
(drone ship)
First NASA high-priority science mission launched by SpaceX. Part of the Explorers program, TESS is space telescope intended for wide-field search of exoplanets transiting nearby stars. It was the first time SpaceX launched a scientific satellite not primarily intended for Earth observations. The second stage placed the spacecraft into a high elliptical Earth orbit, after which the satellite's own booster is scheduled to perform complex maneuvers, including a lunar flyby, such that over the course of two months it will reach a stable 2:1 resonant orbit with the Moon.[119] In January 2018, SpaceX received NASA's Launch Services Program Category 2 certification of its Falcon 9 "Full Thrust", certification which is required for launching "medium-risk" missions like TESS.[120] Last launch of a new Block 4 booster,[121] and the 24th successful recovery of the first stage. An experimental water landing of the launch fairing was performed in order to attempt fairing recovery, primarily as a test of parachute systems.[117][118]
54 2018年5月11日
20:14[122]
F9 B5[123]
B1046.1[96]
KSC
LC-39A
Bangabandhu-1[124][125] 3,600千克
(7,900英磅)[126]
GTO Thales-Alenia/BTRC 成功[127] 成功[127]
(drone ship)
First Block 5 launch vehicle booster to fly. Initially planned for an Ariane 5 launch in December 2017,[128] it became the first Bangladeshi commercial satellite,[129] built by Thales-Alenia.[130][131] It is intended to serve telecom services from 119° E with a lifetime of 15 years.[132] It was the 25th successfully recovered first stage booster.[127]
55 2018年5月22日
19:47[133]
F9 B4 ♺
B1043.2[134]
VAFB
SLC-4E
6,460千克
(14,240英磅)[c]
极轨道 LEO 成功[141] No attempt
[142]
Sixth Iridium NEXT mission launching 5 satellites used the refurbished booster from Zuma. GFZ arranged a rideshare of GRACE-FO on a Falcon 9 with Iridium following the cancellation of their Dnepr launch contract in 2015.[136] Iridium CEO Matt Desch disclosed in September 2017 that GRACE-FO would be launched on this mission.[143] The booster reuse turnaround was a record 4.5 months between flights.[144]
56 2018年6月4日
04:45[145]
F9 B4 ♺
B1040.2[96]
CCAFS
SLC-40
SES-12[146] 5,384千克
(11,870英磅)[147]
GTO SES 成功[148] No attempt
[142]
The communications satellite serving the Middle East and the Asia-Pacific region at the same place as SES-8, and was the largest satellite built for SES.[146] The Block 4 first stage was expended,[147] while the second stage was a Block 5 version, delivering more power towards a higher supersynchronous transfer orbit with 58,000千米(36,000英里) apogee.[149]
57 2018年6月29日
09:42[150]
F9 B4 ♺
B1045.2[151]
CCAFS
SLC-40
SpaceX CRS-15 2,697千克
(5,946英磅)[152][d]
LEO (ISS) NASA (CRS) 成功[153] No attempt
[142]
Payload included MISSE-FF 2, ECOSTRESS, and a Latching End Effector. The refurbished booster featured a record 2.5 months period turnaround from its original launch of the TESS satellite — the fastest previous was 4.5 months. This was the last commercial flight of a Block 4 booster, which was expended into the Atlantic without landing legs and grid fins.[154]
58 2018年7月22日
05:50[155]
F9 B5
B1047.1
CCAFS
SLC-40
Telstar 19V[156] 7,075千克
(15,598英磅)[157]
GTO[158] Telesat 成功[159] 成功[159]
(drone ship)
SSL-manufactured communications satellite intended to be placed at 63° West over the Americas,[160] replacing Telstar 14R.[158] At 7,075 kg, it became the heaviest commercial communications satellite ever launched.[161][162] This necessitated that the satellite be launched into a lower-energy orbit than a usual GTO, with its initial apogee at roughly 17,900 km.[158]
59 2018年7月25日
11:39[163]
F9 B5[164]
B1048.1[165]
VAFB
SLC-4E
Iridium NEXT-7
(10 satellites)[56]
9,600千克
(21,200英磅)
Polar LEO 铱卫星 成功[166] 成功[167]
(drone ship)
Seventh Iridium NEXT launch, with 10 communication satellites.[166] The booster landed safely on the drone ship in the worst weather conditions for any landing yet attempted.[167][166] Mr. Steven boat with an upgraded 4x size net was used to attempt fairing recovery but failed due to harsh weather.[167][166]
60 2018年8月7日
05:18[168]
F9 B5 ♺
B1046.2[169]
CCAFS
SLC-40
Merah Putih (formerly Telkom 4)[170][171] 5,800千克
(12,800英磅)[172]
GTO Telkom Indonesia 成功[173] 成功[173]
(drone ship)
Indonesian comsat intended to replace the aging Telkom 1 at 108° E.[174] First reflight of a Block 5-version booster.[175]
61 2018年9月10日
04:45[176]
F9 B5
B1049.1[96]
CCAFS
SLC-40
Telstar 18V / 亚太卫星-5C[156] 7,060千克
(15,560英磅)[176]
GTO[176] Telesat 成功[176] 成功[176]
(drone ship)
Condosat for 138° East over Asia and Pacific.[177] Delivered to a GTO orbit with apogee close to 18,000 km.[176]
62 2018年10月8日
02:22[178]
F9 B5 ♺
B1048.2[179]
VAFB
SLC-4E
SAOCOM 1A[180][181] 3,000千克
(6,600英磅)[178]
SSO CONAE 成功[178] 成功[178]
(ground pad)
Argentinian Earth-observation satellite was originally intended to be launched in 2012.[182] First landing on the West Coast ground pad.[178]
63 2018年11月15日
20:46[183]
F9 B5 ♺
B1047.2[96]
KSC
LC-39A
Es'hail 2[184] 5,300千克
(11,700英磅)[185]
GTO Es'hailSat 成功[186] 成功[186]
(drone ship)
Qatari comsat positioned at 26° E.[184] This launch used redesigned COPVs used to store helium to pressurize the stage’s propellant tanks. SpaceX redesigned those COPVs after the September 2016 pad explosion in order to meet NASA safety requirements for future commercial crew missions.[187]
64 2018年12月3日
18:34:05
F9 B5 ♺
B1046.3
[96][188]
VAFB
SLC-4E
SSO-A (SmallSat Express) ~4,000千克
(8,800英磅)[189]
SSO Spaceflight Industries 成功[190] 成功[190]
(drone ship)
Rideshare mission[191] where two SHERPA dispensers deployed 64 small satellites,[192][193] including Eu:CROPIS[194] for the German DLR, HIBER-2 for the Dutch Hiber Global,[195] ITASAT-1 for the Brazilian Instituto Tecnológico de Aeronáutica,[196] two high-resolution SkySat imaging satellites for Planet Labs,[197] and two high school CubeSats part of NASA's ELaNa 24.[198] Kazakhstan decided to use Falcon 9 to launch their 2 satellites, even with the Baikonur Cosmodrome space launch facility within its own borders. This was the first time a booster was used for a third flight.
65 2018年12月5日
18:16
F9 B5
B1050.1[96]
CCAFS
SLC-40
SpaceX CRS-16 2,500千克
(5,600英磅)[199][d]
LEO (ISS) NASA (CRS) 成功 失败[200]
(ground pad)
First CRS mission with the Falcon 9 Block 5. This carried the Global Ecosystem Dynamics Investigation lidar (GEDI) as an external payload.[201] The mission was delayed by one day due to moldy rodent food for one of the experiments on the Space Station. A previously flown Dragon spacecraft was used for the mission. The booster, in use for the first time, experienced a grid fin hydraulic pump stall on reentry, which caused it to spin out of control and touchdown at sea, heavily damaging the interstage section; this was the first failed landing attempt on a ground pad.[200][202]
66 2018年12月23日
13:51[203]
F9 B5
B1054.1[204]
CCAFS
SLC-40
GPS IIIA-01 4,400千克
(9,700英磅)[205]
MEO U.S. Air Force 成功 [203] No attempt
[203]
Initially planned for a Delta IV launch,[206] this was SpaceX's first launch of an EELV-class payload.[207] There was no attempt to recover the first-stage booster for reuse [208][204] due to the customer's requirements, including a high inclination orbit of 55°.[209]

2019

任务编号 时间 (UTC) 型号[e] 发射场 载荷 载荷质量 轨道 用户 火箭发射 火箭回收
67 2019年1月11日
15:31 [210]
F9 B5 ♺
B1049.2[211]
VAFB SLC-4E Iridium NEXT-8
(10 satellites)[56]
9,600千克
(21,200英磅)
Polar LEO Iridium Communications 成功 成功
(drone ship)
Final launch of the Iridium NEXT contract, launching 10 satellites.
68 2019年2月22日
01:45[212]
F9 B5 ♺
B1048.3[213]
CCAFS SLC-40
4,850千克
(10,690英磅)[217]
GTO
成功 成功
(drone ship)
Nusantara Satu is a private Indonesian comsat planned to be located at 146° E,[214] with a launch mass of 4100 kg,[217] and featuring electric propulsion for orbit-raising and station-keeping.[218][219] S5, a 60-kg smallsat by the Air Force Research Laboratory, was piggybacked on Nusantara Satu, and was deployed near its GEO position to perform a classified space situational awareness mission. This launch opportunity was brokered by Spaceflight Industries as "GTO-1".[216]

The Beresheet Moon lander (initially called Sparrow) was one of the candidates for the Google Lunar X-Prize, whose developers SpaceIL had secured a launch contract with Spaceflight Industries in October 2015.[220] After separating into a supersynchronous transfer orbit[221] with an apogee of 69,400 km,[222][223] Beresheet will raise its orbit by its own power over two months.[221][224] Its launch mass is 585 kg including fuel.[223]

69 2019年3月2日
07:49[225]
F9 B5
B1051.1[96][226]
KSC LC-39A SpX-DM1[227] 12,055千克
(26,577英磅)[228][f]
LEO (ISS) NASA (CCD) 成功 成功
(drone ship)
Demonstration mission to ISS for NASA with an uncrewed Dragon 2 capsule.[229] The program was awarded to SpaceX in September 2014, and was initially hoped to see first flights as early as 2015.[230]
FH 2 2019年4月11日

22:35[231]

Falcon Heavy core
B1055.1[231]
KSC LC-39A 沙特阿拉伯的大型通信卫星Arabsat-6A[232] 6,000千克
(13,000英磅)
GTO ArabSat 成功 成功
(drone ship)
B1052.1 (side) 成功
(ground pad)
B1053.1 (side) 成功
(ground pad)
70 May 4, 2019
06:48
F9 B5
B1056.1[233]
CCAFS
SLC-40
SpaceX CRS-17[52] 2,495千克
(5,501英磅)[234][d]
LEO (ISS) NASA 成功 成功
(drone ship)
A Commercial Resupply Service mission to the International Space Station carrying nearly 2.5 tons of cargo including the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-3 as an external payload.[234] Originally planned to land at Landing Zone 1, the landing was moved to the drone ship after a Dragon 2 had an anomaly during testing at LZ-1.[235]
71 May 24, 2019
02:30
F9 B5 ♺
B1049.3[236]
CCAFS
SLC-40
Starlink v0.9
(60 satellites)
16,800千克
(37,000英磅)[237]
LEO SpaceX 成功 成功
(drone ship)
Second launch of test satellites for the Starlink constellation, said to be of "production design".[238][239][240] Each Starlink satellite has a dry mass of 227 kg,[241] and the combined launch mass was 16,800 kg including satellite fuel,[237] the heaviest payload launched by SpaceX so far.[242] The fairings were recovered.[243] These are the first commercial satellites to use krypton as fuel for their ion thrusters, which is cheaper than the usual xenon fuel.[244]
72 June 12, 2019
14:17
F9 B5 ♺
B1051.2[233]
VAFB
SLC-4E
RADARSAT Constellation
(3 satellites)
4,200千克
(9,300英磅) [245]
SSO Canadian Space Agency 成功 成功
(ground pad)
A trio of satellites built for Canada's RADARSAT program which plans to replace the ageing RADARSAT-1 and 2. The new satellites contain Automated Identification System (AIS) for locating ships.[245] The mission was originally scheduled to lift off in February but due to the landing failure of booster B1050, this flight was switched to B1051 (used on SpX-DM1) and delayed to allow refurbishment and transport to the West coast.[233] The booster landed safely through fog.[246] A payload cost of roughly $900 million making this SpaceX's second most expensive payload launched.[247]
FH 3 2019年6月25日
06:30[248]
Heavy B5
B1057 core[233]
KSC LC-39A Space Test Program Flight 2 (STP-2) 3,700千克
(8,200英磅)
LEO/ MEO U.S. Air Force 成功 失败
(drone ship)
B1052.2
(side) ♺
成功
(ground pad)
B1053.2
(side) ♺
成功
(ground pad)
USAF Space Test Program Flight 2 (STP-2)[249] carried 24 small satellites,[250] 包括: 福卫七号 A/B/C/D/E/F integrated using EELV Secondary Payload Adapter,[251] DSX, Prox-1[252] GPIM,[253] DSAC,[254] ISAT, SET,[255] COSMIC-2, Oculus-ASR, OBT, NPSat,[256] and several CubeSats including E-TBEx,[257] LightSail 2,[258] TEPCE, PSAT, and three ELaNa 15 CubeSats. Total payload mass was 3,700 kg. [259] The mission lasted six hours during which the second stage ignited four times and went into different orbits to deploy satellites including a "propulsive passivation maneuver".[260][261]

The side boosters from the 11 April 2019 Arabsat-6A mission were reused on this flight and successfully returned.[233] The new center core failed to land on the drone ship Of Course I Still Love You and crashed near the drone ship in the Atlantic Ocean. The center core aborted landing on the drone ship after the center engine had its thrust vector control fail, after the engine bay was breached due to the record high reentry forces and heat from the high speed reentry.[262][263] For the first time one fairing half was successfully landed on the catch-net of the support ship GO Ms. Tree (formerly Mr. Steven).[264]

未来计划

2019未来

时间 (UTC) 型号 [e] 发射场 载荷 轨道 用户


2019年4月25日
~10:00-11:00[105]
F9 B5 CCAFS SLC-40 SpaceX CRS-17[52] LEO (ISS) NASA (CRS)
A Commercial Resupply Service mission to the International Space Station
2019年4月底[105] F9 B5 CCAFS SLC-40 Unknown Unknown Unknown
2019年5月16日[265] F9 B5 ♺ VAFB SLC-4E RADARSAT Constellation (3 satellites)[266] SSO Canadian Space Agency
The mission will reuse a previously flown booster.[267]
2019年5月27日[268] F9 B5 ♺ CC 39A or 40 AMOS-17[269] GTO Spacecom
The mission will reuse a previously flown booster[270] and constitutes a free launch compensation provided to Spacecom following the loss of the AMOS-6 satellite.[271]
2019年6月下旬[105][272] F9 B5 ♺
B1048.4[273]
KSC LC-39A Crew Dragon in-flight abort test[274] Sub-orbital NASA (CCDev)
A Falcon 9 first stage will propel the Dragon 2 test capsule in a atmospheric flight to conduct a separation and abort scenario in the transonic regime at Max Q, i.e. under the maximum structural stress conditions of a real flight.[275] The spacecraft will then splash down in the ocean with traditional parachutes. The test will be performed by the same capsule from the SpX-DM1 demonstration flight.[229]
2019年6月[276] Heavy B5[277] ♺♺♺
B1055.2
KSC LC-39A Space Test Program Flight 2 (STP-2) LEO / MEO U.S. Air Force
USAF Space Test Program Flight 2 (STP-2)[249] will carry as many as 25 small satellites,[250] including: FormoSat-7 A/B/C/D/E/F integrated using EELV Secondary Payload Adapter,[251] DSX, Prox-1[252] / LightSail 2,[278] GPIM,[253] DSAC,[254] ISAT and ELaNa 15 CubeSats. It will include a 5,000 kg ballast mass, and the Block 5 second stage will allow multiple reignitions to place its many payloads in multiple orbits.[279] It is planned to reuse all three boosters from the Arabsat-6A mission in this flight.[280]
2019年7月8日[281] F9 B5 CC 39A or 40 SpaceX CRS-18[52] LEO (ISS) NASA (CRS)
Will carry the third International Docking Adapter (IDA-3)[265]
2019年7月[272] F9 B5[229] KSC LC-39A SpX-DM2[227] LEO (ISS) NASA (CCDev)
Dragon 2 will carry its first crew, NASA astronauts Douglas Hurley and Bob Behnken, on a 14-day test mission to the ISS.
2019中期[282] TBD TBD Starlink satellites LEO SpaceX
Initial launches of satellites for SpaceX's Starlink constellation.
2019年第三季[265] F9 B5 CC 39A or 40 JCSat-18 / Kacific 1[283] GTO JSAT
Kacific
Singaporean-Japanese condosat will cover the Asia-Pacific region.[284]
2019年10月2日[285] F9 B5 KSC LC-39A USCV-1 LEO (ISS) NASA (CCDev)
Crewed Dragon 2 mission to the ISS, with astronauts Mike Hopkins and Victor Glover on a long-duration mission.[285]
2019年12月4日[281] F9 B5 CC 39A or 40 SpaceX CRS-19[52] LEO (ISS) NASA (CRS)
2019年12月[205] F9 B5 CC 39A or 40 GPS IIIA-03[207] MEO U.S. Air Force
2019年第4季[265] F9 B5 CC 39A or 40 SXM 7[286] GTO Sirius XM
2019年第4季[281] F9 B5 VAFB SLC-4E SAOCOM 1B,[180] SAOCOM-CS,[287] SARE-1B 1–4[288] SSO CONAE


2020

时间 (UTC) 型号 [e] 发射场 载荷 轨道 用户


January 2020[285] F9 B5 CC 39A or 40 SpaceX CRS-20 LEO (ISS) NASA (CRS)
Last mission part of the phase 1 of the CRS contract.
2020–2024[289] F9 B5 CC 39A or 40 Six more missions under the CRS2 contract[289] LEO (ISS) NASA (CRS)
The initial Commercial Resupply Services (CRS) contract was extended to 20 missions. Under the CRS2 contract, NASA has awarded SpaceX six more cargo missions.[289] Those missions were originally scheduled to begin in 2019 but were delayed.
Likely from 2020[290] F9 B5 KSC 39A Five more missions contracted under the ISS Crew Transportation Services program (CTS) LEO (ISS) NASA (CTS)[291]
Pending success of SpX-DM1 and SpX-DM2, NASA has awarded six missions with Dragon 2.0 to carry up to four astronauts and 100 kg (220 lb) of cargo to the ISS as well as feature a lifeboat function to evacuate astronauts from ISS in case of an emergency.[291] In April 2018, NASA estimated that SpaceX will finish the certification milestone prerequisites for operational missions some time between August 2019 and November 2020, three months behind Boeing.[292] The first of these six missions, USCV-1, has a possible planning date of October 2, 2019.[285]
March 2020[293] F9 B5 CC 39A or 40 GPS IIIA-04[294][205] MEO U.S. Air Force
Q1 2020[295] F9 B5 CC 39A or 40 ALINA Moon lander[296] GTO PTScientists
The Autonomous Landing and Navigation Module (ALINA) will be launched to a geostationary transfer orbit and fly to the Moon from there.[297] It will land near the Apollo 17 landing site and deploy two Audi Lunar Quattro rovers. They will try to locate NASA's Lunar Roving Vehicle and stream images back to Earth using a small 4G base station on ALINA developed by Nokia and Vodafone Germany.[298][299]
H1, 2020[293] F9 B5 CC 39A or 40 GPS IIIA-05[205] MEO U.S. Air Force
Mid 2020[265] F9 B5 CC 39A or 40 Hakuto-R Moon orbiter (secondary payload)[300] TLI ispace
ispace's Hakuto-R (for Reboot) is derived from the Hakuto project that was one of the defunct Google Lunar X Prize contestants. The rebooted project aims to launch an orbiter in 2020 and a lander in 2021, both as secondary payloads on other unspecified Falcon 9 missions.[300]
November 2020[301] F9 B5 VAFB SLC-4E[301] Jason-CS (Sentinel-6A)[301] LEO NASA
November 2020[265][302] F9 B5 VAFB SLC-4E SARah 1[303][304]
Co-passenger to be announced.[304]
SSO German Intelligence Service
Phased-array-antenna satellite intended to upgrade the German SAR-Lupe surveillance satellites.[305]
Q4 2020[265] F9 B5 CC 39A or 40 Türksat 5A[306] GTO Türksat
2020[307] Heavy KSC LC-39A AFSPC-52 Classified U.S. Air Force
2020[265] F9 B5 SLC-40 Korea Pathfinder Lunar Orbiter (KPLO)[308] TLI KARI
South Korea's first lunar mission.[309]
2020[310] F9 B5 CC 39A or 40 SXM 8[286] GTO Sirius XM
H2, 2020[293] F9 B5 CC 39A or 40 GPS IIIA-06[205] MEO U.S. Air Force
2020–2022 (TBD)[311] Heavy KSC LC-39A ViaSat-3 class[312] GEO ViaSat
This mission will inject the satellite in close proximity to geostationary orbit, thus allowing it to be operational faster. Satellites of the ViaSat-3 class use electric propulsion, which requires less fuel for stationkeeping operations over their lifetime, but would need several months to raise its orbit from GTO to GEO.[311]

2021

时间 (UTC) 型号 [e] 发射场 载荷 轨道 用户


February 2021[313] Heavy[314] CC 39A AFSPC-44 [313] GEO[315] U.S. Air Force
Mid 2021[265] F9 B5 CC 39A or 40 Hakuto-R Moon lander (secondary payload)[300] TLI ispace
ispace's Hakuto-R (for Reboot) is derived from the Hakuto project that was one of the defunct Google Lunar X Prize contestants. The rebooted project aims to launch an orbiter in 2020 and a lander in 2021, both as secondary payloads on other unspecified Falcon 9 missions.[300]
September 2021[316][317] F9 B5 VAFB SLC-4E[317] Surface Water Ocean Topography (SWOT)[317] LEO NASA
December 2021[313] F9 B5 CC 39A or 40 NROL-85 LEO[318] NRO
December 2021[313] F9 B5 VAFB SLC-4E NROL-87 SSO[318] NRO
2021[302][319] F9 B5 VAFB SLC-4E SARah 2/3[303][319] SSO German Intelligence Service
Possibly NET September 2021 as both flights are expected "between November 2020 and September 2021"
2021[320] F9 B5 CC 39A or 40 or BC Türksat 5B GTO Türksat
2021[321] F9 B5 ♺ VAFB SLC-4E WorldView Legion Mission 1[321] SSO DigitalGlobe
The mission will reuse a previously flown booster.[321]
2021[321] F9 B5 ♺ VAFB SLC-4E WorldView Legion Mission 2[321] SSO DigitalGlobe
The mission will reuse a previously flown booster.[321]
2021[322] Heavy KSC LC-39A Ovzon-3 GEO Ovzon
Geostationary communications satellite procured by Swedish company Ovzon.[323][324]

发射统计数据

从2010年6月至2017年10月,猎鹰9号系列运载火箭共发射了44次,其中42次任务完全成功(成功率95.5%),1次部分成功(成功将主载荷送入轨道,但一个次级载荷进入了低于预期的轨道), 1次失败(全部损失)。另外,一枚火箭及其载荷于发射前在发射台上为静态点火测试作准备时因爆炸被摧毁。24次火箭回收尝试中有19次成功(成功率79.2%)。

火箭第一版猎鹰9号1.0版在2010年6月到2013年3月间发射了5次。它的后继者猎鹰9号1.1版在2013年9月到2016年1月间发射了15次。最新升级的猎鹰9号全推力版从2015年12月至今共发射32次。

火箭配置[编辑]

5
10
15
20
2010
'11
'12
'13
'14
2015
'16
'17
'18
  •   猎鹰9号1.0版
  •   猎鹰9号1.1版
  •   猎鹰9号全推力版
  •   猎鹰9号全推力版(复用)
  •   猎鹰9号Block 5
  •   猎鹰重型

发射地点[编辑]

5
10
15
20
2010
'11
'12
'13
'14
2015
'16
'17
'18

发射结果[编辑]

5
10
15
20
2010
'11
'12
'13
'14
2015
'16
'17
'18
  •   发射前失败
  •   发射中失败
  •   部分成功
  •   成功

一级火箭着陆[编辑]

5
10
15
20
2010
'11
'12
'13
'14
2015
'16
'17
'18
  •   地面回收失败
  •   海上驳船回收失败
  •   海面降落失败
  •   降落伞回收失败
  •   陆地回收成功
  •   海上驳船回收成功
  •   海面降落成功
  •   未尝试

注释

  1. ^ 为一个未有指明的美国政府机构行事。
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 2.2 A successful "ocean landing" denotes a controlled atmospheric entry, descent and vertical splashdown on the ocean's surface at zero velocity; for purposes of gathering test data; such boosters were subsequently destroyed at sea.
  3. ^ Payload comprises five Iridium satellites weighing 860 kg each,[138] two GRACE-FO satellites weighing 580 kg each,[139] plus a 1,000-kg dispenser.[140]
  4. ^ 4.0 4.1 4.2 In addition, the Dragon capsule has a dry mass of 4,200千克(9,300英磅)
  5. ^ 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Falcon 9 first-stage boosters are designated with a construction serial number and an optional flight number when reused, e.g. B1021.1 and B1021.2 represent the two flights of booster B1021. Launches using reused boosters are denoted with a recycled symbol ♺.
  6. ^ Total payload mass includes the Crew Dragon capsule, fuel, suited mannequin, instrumentation and 204 kg of cargo.

参考资料

  1. ^ Shotwell, Gwynne. Gwynne Shotwell comments at Commercial Space Transportation Conference. Commercial Spaceflight. 事件发生在 2:43:15–3:10:05. 2016-02-03 [2016-02-04]. We're still going to call it 'Falcon 9' but it's the full thrust upgrade. 
  2. ^ Falcon 9 Launch Vehicle Payload User's Guide, Rev 2 (PDF). 2015-10-21 [2016-01-27]. (原始内容 (PDF)存档于2017-03-14). 
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 Clark, Stephen. Q&A with SpaceX founder and chief designer Elon Musk. Spaceflight Now. 2012-05-18 [2012-06-29]. The next version of Falcon 9 will be used for everything. The last flight of version 1.0 will be Flight 5. All future missions after Flight 5 will be v1.1. 
  4. ^ Clark, Stephen. Falcon Launch Report – Mission Status Center. Spaceflight Now. [2010-12-08]. 
  5. ^ NRO Taps Boeing for Next Batch of Cubesats. SpaceNews. 2010-04-08 [2010-04-12]. 
  6. ^ Falcon 9/Dragon Launch: Engine repair expected by tonight. 太空探索科技公司. 2012-05-19 [2012-05-20]. [永久失效链接]
  7. ^ Carreau, Mark. SpaceX Station Cargo Mission Eyes November Launch. Aerospace Daily & Defense Report (Aviation Week). 2011-07-20 [2016-03-06]. 
  8. ^ Clark, Stephen. Dragon circling Earth after flawless predawn blastoff. Spaceflight Now (Tonbridge, Kent, United Kingdom). 2012-05-22 [2012-05-22]. (原始内容存档于2012-05-22). 
  9. ^ SpaceX, NASA Target Oct. 7 Launch For Resupply Mission To Space Station. 美国国家航空航天局. 2012-09-20 [2012-09-26]. 
  10. ^ SpaceX Launch Manifest. 太空探索科技公司. [2012-09-25]. (原始内容存档于2009-04-14). 
  11. ^ de Selding, Peter B. Orbcomm Eagerly Awaits Launch of New Satellite on Next Falcon 9. SpaceNews. 2012-05-25 [2012-05-28]. 
  12. ^ de Selding, Peter B. Orbcomm Craft Launched by Falcon 9 Falls out of Orbit. SpaceNews. 2012-10-11 [2012-10-12]. Orbcomm requested that SpaceX carry one of their small satellites (weighing a few hundred pounds, vs. Dragon at over 12,000 pounds)... The higher the orbit, the more test data [Orbcomm] can gather, so they requested that we attempt to restart and raise altitude. NASA agreed to allow that, but only on condition that there be substantial propellant reserves, since the orbit would be close to the space station. It is important to appreciate that Orbcomm understood from the beginning that the orbit-raising maneuver was tentative. They accepted that there was a high risk of their satellite remaining at the Dragon insertion orbit. SpaceX would not have agreed to fly their satellite otherwise, since this was not part of the core mission and there was a known, material risk of no altitude raise. 
  13. ^ Editorial. First Outing for SpaceX. 纽约时报. 2012-10-30 [2016-01-17]. 
  14. ^ Dragon Mission Report. Spaceflight Now. [2012-11-15]. 
  15. ^ 15.0 15.1 NASA's Consolidated Launch Schedule. 美国国家航空航天局. 2012-12-31 [2013-01-04]. 
  16. ^ 16.0 16.1 16.2 SpaceX Launch Manifest. 太空探索科技公司. [2013-01-04]. (原始内容存档于2009-04-14). 
  17. ^ Dragon Mission Report | Q&A with SpaceX founder and chief designer Elon Musk. Spaceflight Now. 2012-05-18 [2012-05-25]. 
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