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玉夫座

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玉夫座
Sculptor
星座
Sculptor
缩写Scl
所有格Sculptoris
赤经0
赤纬−30
面积475平方度 (36th)
邻接星座鲸鱼座
宝瓶座
南鱼座
天鹤座
凤凰座
天炉座
可以看见的纬度范围: +50°至−90°之间
最适合观赏的月份:11月

玉夫座(拉丁语:Sculptor)是由法国天文学家拉卡伊在南天创建的一个小星座,原来的名字是雕刻家的工作室(拉丁语:Apparatus Sculptoris),在拉丁化时被缩减成现在的名称。

由于是在17世纪才新创的星座,因此没有相关的神话故事。

特色

玉夫座没有比3等亮的恒星,最亮的玉夫座α是一颗白羊座SX型变星,光度只有4.31m。所以会如此是因为玉夫座位于恒星密度非常低的银河南极

深空天体

这个星座中的玉夫座矮星系是属于本星系群的一个矮星系;还有玉夫座星系团是最靠近本星系群星系团玉夫座星系(NGC 253)是一个棒旋星系,位于玉夫座和鲸鱼座交界处,是这个星系团中最大的星系;集团中另一个主要的成员是不规则星系NGC 55

参考资料

外部链接

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玉夫座
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