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生态现代化

维基百科,自由的百科全书

生态现代化是一门环境改革的社会科学,过去几十年得到越来越多的学者和政府关注。生态现代化出现在20世纪80年代初,由一群学者在柏林自由大学和社会科学研究中心发表,其中学者包括约瑟夫胡贝尔,马丁和乌五西蒙尼斯。

生态现代化涉及到经济增长和工业发展的关系,在此基础上,它开确地指出自身利​益与经济和生态有着不可或缺的关系,即生产使用自然资源环境(包括空气,水,土壤,生态系统),可以是未来经济增长的来源与发展的劳动力和生产力。生态现代化加快了多项环保技术,包括增加能源资源效率,产品和工艺创新,环境管理和可持续供应链管理,清洁技术,有害物质替代品等等。这些领域,不仅可以减少对资源的消耗和废料的排放量,而且还改善了工业技术的质量和结构。人类与自然能共同进化,提升环境的承载能力,生态现代化为人类带来积极作用。

生态现代化的重要概念包含多样不同的邻近功能和重叠方法。其中最重要的是

  • 可持续发展的概念
  • 工业代谢的方法 (艾尔斯/西蒙尼斯,1994年)
  • 产业生态的概念 (索科洛,1994)。

参见

参考书目

  • 中国现代化报告2007:生态现代化研究, Peking University出版, ISBN/ISSN : 7301113218
  • Ayres, R. U. and Simonis, U. E., 1994, Industrial Metabolism. Restructuring for Sustainable Development, Tokyo, UN University Press.
  • Beck, U., 1999, World Risk Society, Cambridge, UK, Polity Press, ISBN 0-7456-2221-6.
  • Braungart, M., and McDonough, W., 2002, Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things, New York, N.Y., North Point Press.
  • Christoff, P., 1996, "Ecological modernisation, ecological modernities", Environmental Politics, 5(3), pp. 476–500.
  • Bullard, R., (ed.) 1993, Confronting Environmental Racism: Voices from the Grassroots, Boston, South End Press.
  • Dickens, P. 2004, Society & Nature: Changing Our Environment, Changing Ourselves, Cambridge, UK, Polity, ISBN 0-7456-2796-X.

参考资料


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生态现代化
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