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甲基

维基百科,自由的百科全书

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甲基的几种表示方式(蓝色显示的部分为甲基)
甲基的几种表示方式(蓝色显示的部分为甲基)

甲基(英语:Methyl group),为化学名词,指一种和甲烷对应的疏水性烷基官能团化学式为-CH3,常简写做-Me。甲基常见于许多的有机化合物中,多半是相当稳定的官能团。甲基多半是较大化学分子中的一部分,不过偶尔也会以以下三种形式出现:阴离子阳离子自由基。其阳离子有六个价电子,阴离子有八个价电子,这三种形式都非常不稳定,很容易和其他化学物质反应[1]

参考资料

  1. ^ March, Jerry. Advanced organic chemistry: reactions, mechanisms, and structure. John Wiley & Sons. 1992. ISBN 0-471-60180-2. 

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甲基
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