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第一海务大臣

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英国第一海务大臣
兼皇家海军参谋长
(1SL/CNS)[1]
英国皇家海军旗
现任
托尼·罗达金英语Tony Radakin上将

2016年4月就任
英国国防部
直属英国国防参谋长
提名者英国国防大臣
任命者英国首相
首任约翰·费舍尔元帅
网站官方网站

第一海务大臣(英语:First Sea Lord),亦称作第一海相,是英国皇家海军及海军本部的最高军职,兼任海军参谋长(英语:Chief of Naval Staff),职衔简写ISL/CNS[2]

1827年前,皇家海军最高级军官为海军元帅(英语:Admiral of the Fleet)。此称谓后来成为军衔。

1809年以前,海军军官间中兼任海军大臣。1809年以后,海军大臣一职概由政治任命之文职人员担任,而此职位长时间同时为内阁阁员。至于第一海务大臣,则为职业海军军官最高职位,受海军大臣节制。

第一海务大臣一衔由1828年起给予海军本部最高级军官。

1964年英国海军本部裁并入国防部后,第一海务大臣仍继续保留。而原海军大臣则遭取消。

现时第一海务大臣为参谋长委员会成员,与其他军种轮任委员会主席(兼英国国防参谋长)一职。

历任第一海务大臣

此条目目前正依照First Sea Lord and Chief of the Naval Staff上的内容进行翻译。 (2020年8月30日)如果您擅长翻译,并清楚本条目的领域,欢迎协助翻译、改善或校对本条目。此外,长期闲置、未翻译或影响阅读的内容可能会被移除。目前的翻译进度为: 0%
任次 肖像 Name 就职 离职 任职时间 Ref
Senior Naval Lords
1
Herbert, ArthurAdmiral
Arthur Herbert
(c.1648–1716)
8 March 168920 January 1690318天[3]
2
Chicheley, John海军上将
Sir John Chicheley
(c.1640–1691)
20 January 16905 June 1690136天[3]
3
Russell, EdwardAdmiral
Edward Russell
(1653–1727)
5 June 169023 January 1691232天[3]
4
Priestman, HenryCaptain
Henry Priestman
(c.1647–1712)
23 January 16912 May 16943岁99天[3]
(3)
Russell, EdwardAdmiral
Earl of Orford
(1653–1727)
2 May 169431 May 16995岁29天[3]
5
Rooke, GeorgeAdmiral
Sir George Rooke
(1650–1709)
31 May 169926 January 17022岁240天[3]
6
Leake, JohnAdmiral
Sir John Leake
(1656–1720)
8 November 17094 October 1710330天[4]
7
Byng, GeorgeAdmiral
Sir George Byng
(1663–1733)
4 October 171030 September 17121岁362天[4]
(6)
Leake, JohnAdmiral
Sir John Leake
(1656–1720)
30 September 171214 October 17142岁14天[4]
(7)
Byng, GeorgeAdmiral
Sir George Byng
(1663–1733)
14 October 171416 April 17172岁184天[4]
8
Aylmer, MatthewAdmiral
Matthew Aylmer
(c.1650–1720)
16 April 171719 March 1718337天[4]
(7)
Byng, GeorgeAdmiral
Sir George Byng
(1663–1733)
19 March 171830 September 17213岁195天[4]
9
Jennings, JohnAdmiral
Sir John Jennings
(1664–1743)
30 September 17211 June 17275岁244天[4]
10
Norris, JohnAdmiral
Sir John Norris
(c.1670–1749)
1 June 172713 May 17302岁346天[4]
11
Wager, CharlesAdmiral
Sir Charles Wager
(1666–1743)
13 May 173023 June 17333岁41天[4]
12
Hamilton, ArchibaldAdmiral
Lord Archibald Hamilton
(1673–1754)
23 June 173313 March 17384岁263天[4]
13
Powlett, HarryAdmiral
Lord Harry Powlett
(1691–1759)
13 March 173819 March 17424岁6天[4]
(12)
Hamilton, ArchibaldAdmiral
Lord Archibald Hamilton
(1673–1754)
19 March 174225 March 17464岁6天[4]
14
Beauclerk, VereAdmiral
Lord Vere Beauclerk
(1699–1781)
25 March 174618 November 17493岁238天[4]
15
Anson, GeorgeAdmiral
Lord Anson
(1697–1762)
18 November 174922 June 17511岁216天[4]
16
Rowley, WilliamAdmiral
Sir William Rowley
(c.1690–1768)
22 June 175117 November 17565岁148天[4]
17
Boscawen, EdwardVice Admiral
The Honourable Edward Boscawen
(1711–1761)
17 November 17566 April 1757140天[4]
(16)
Rowley, WilliamAdmiral
Sir William Rowley
(c.1690–1768)
6 April 17572 July 175787天[4]
(17)
Boscawen, EdwardAdmiral
The Honourable Edward Boscawen
(1711–1761)
2 July 175719 March 17613岁260天[4]
18
Forbes, JohnAdmiral
The Honourable John Forbes
(1714–1796)
19 March 176120 April 17632岁32天[4]
19
Howe, RichardAdmiral
Earl Howe
(1726–1799)
20 April 176331 July 17652岁102天[4]
20
Saunders, CharlesAdmiral
Sir Charles Saunders
(c.1715–1775)
31 July 176515 September 17661岁46天[4]
21
Keppel, AugustusRear Admiral
The Honourable Augustus Keppel
(1725–1786)
15 September 176611 December 176687天[4]
22
Brett, PeircyRear Admiral
Sir Peircy Brett
(1709–1781)
11 December 176628 February 17703岁79天[4]
23
Holburne, FrancisAdmiral
Sir Francis Holburne
(1704–1771)
28 February 17702 February 1771339天[4]
First Naval Lords
24
Hervey, AugustusVice Admiral
Augustus Hervey
(1724–1779)
2 February 177112 April 17754岁69天[5]
25
Palliser, HughVice Admiral
Sir Hugh Palliser
(1723–1796)
12 April 177523 September 17794岁164天[5]
26
Palliser, HughVice Admiral
Robert Man
23 September 177922 September 1780365天[5]
27
Darby, GeorgeVice Admiral
George Darby
(c.1720–1790)
22 September 17801 April 17821岁191天[5]
28
Harland, RobertAdmiral
Sir Robert Harland
(c.1715–1784)
1 April 178230 January 1783304天[5]
29
Pigot, HughAdmiral
Hugh Pigot
(1722–1792)
30 January 178331 December 1783335天[5]
30
Leveson-Gower, JohnRear Admiral
John Leveson-Gower
(1740–1792)
31 December 178312 August 17895岁224天[5]
31
Hood, SamuelVice Admiral
Lord Hood
(1724–1816)
12 August 17897 March 17955岁207天[5]
32
Middleton, CharlesVice Admiral
Sir Charles Middleton
(1726–1813)
7 March 179520 November 1795258天[5]
33
Gambier, JamesRear Admiral
James Gambier
(1756–1833)
20 November 179519 February 18015岁91天[5]
34
Troubridge, ThomasRear Admiral
Sir Thomas Troubridge
(c. 1758–1807)
19 February 180115 May 18043岁86天[5]
(33)
Gambier JamesVice Admiral
James Gambier
(1756–1833)
15 May 180410 February 18061岁271天[5]
35
Markham, JohnRear Admiral
John Markham
(1761–1827)
10 February 18066 April 18071岁55天[5]
(33)
Gambier, JamesAdmiral
James Gambier
(1756–1833)
6 April 18079 May 18081岁33天[5]
36
Bickerton, RichardVice Admiral
Sir Richard Bickerton
(1759–1832)
9 May 180825 March 18123岁321天[5]
37
Domett, WilliamVice Admiral
William Domett
(1752–1828)
25 March 181223 October 18131岁212天[5]
38
Yorke, JosephVice Admiral
Sir Joseph Yorke
(1768–1831)
23 October 181324 May 18162岁214天[5]
39
Moore, GrahamVice Admiral
Sir Graham Moore
(1764–1843)
24 May 181613 March 18203岁294天[5]
40
Johnstone Hope, WilliamVice Admiral
Sir William Johnstone Hope
(1766–1831)
13 March 18202 May 18277岁50天[5]
41
Cockburn, GeorgeVice Admiral
Sir George Cockburn
(1772–1853)
19 September 182825 November 18302岁67天[6]
42
Hardy, ThomasRear Admiral
Sir Thomas Hardy
(1769–1839)
25 November 18301 August 18343岁249天[6]
43
Dundas, GeorgeRear Admiral
The Hon. Sir George Dundas
(1778–1834)
1 August 18341 November 183492天[6]
44
Adam, CharlesRear Admiral
Sir Charles Adam
(1780–1853)
1 November 183423 December 183452天[6]
(41)
Cockburn, GeorgeVice Admiral
Sir George Cockburn
(1772–1853)
23 December 183425 April 1835123天[6]
(44)
Adam, CharlesVice Admiral
Sir Charles Adam
(1780–1853)
25 April 18358 September 18416岁197天[6]
(41)
Cockburn, GeorgeAdmiral
Sir George Cockburn
(1772–1853)
8 September 184113 July 18464岁308天[6]
45
Parker, WilliamVice Admiral
Sir William Parker
(1781–1866)
13 July 184624 July 184611天[6]
(44)
Adam, CharlesVice Admiral
Sir Charles Adam
(1780–1853)
24 July 184620 July 1847361天[6]
46
Dundas, JamesRear Admiral
Sir James Dundas
(1785–1862)
20 July 184713 February 18524岁208天[6]
47
Berkeley, MauriceRear Admiral
The Hon. Maurice Fitzhardinge Berkeley
(1788–1867)
13 February 18522 March 185218天[6]
48
Parker, HydeVice Admiral
Hyde Parker
(1784–1854)
2 March 185226 May 18542岁85天[6]
(47)
Berkeley, MauriceVice Admiral
The Hon. Maurice Fitzhardinge Berkeley
(1788–1867)
26 May 185424 November 18572岁182天[6]
48
Dundas, RichardVice Admiral
The Hon. Sir Richard Saunders Dundas
(1802–1861)
24 November 18578 March 1858104天[6]
49
Martin, WilliamVice Admiral
Sir William Martin
(1801–1895)
8 March 185828 June 18591岁112天[6]
(48)
Dundas, RichardVice Admiral
The Hon. Sir Richard Saunders Dundas
(1802–1861)
28 June 185915 June 18611岁352天[6]
50
Grey, FrederickAdmiral
The Hon. Sir Frederick Grey
(1805–1878)
15 June 186113 July 18665岁28天[6]
51
Milne, AlexanderVice Admiral
Sir Alexander Milne
(1806–1896)
13 July 186618 December 18682岁158天[6]
52
Dacres, SydneyAdmiral
Sir Sydney Dacres
(1804–1884)
18 December 186827 November 18723岁345天[6]
(51)
Milne, AlexanderAdmiral
Sir Alexander Milne
(1806–1896)
27 November 18727 September 18763岁285天[7]
53
Yelverton, HastingsAdmiral
Sir Hastings Yelverton
(1808–1878)
7 September 18765 November 18771岁59天[7]
54
Wellesley, GeorgeAdmiral
Sir George Wellesley
(1814–1901)
5 November 187712 August 18791岁280天[7]
55
Key, AstleyAdmiral
Sir Astley Cooper Key
(1821–1888)
12 August 18791 July 18855岁323天[7]
56
Hood, ArthurAdmiral
Sir Arthur Hood
(1824–1901)
1 July 188515 February 1886229天[7]
57
Hay, JohnAdmiral
Lord John Hay
(1827–1916)
15 February 18869 August 1886175天[7]
(56)
Hood, ArthurAdmiral
Sir Arthur Hood
(1824–1901)
9 August 188624 October 18893岁76天[7]
58
Hamilton, RichardAdmiral
Sir Richard Hamilton
(1829–1912)
24 October 188928 September 18911岁339天[7]
59
Hoskins, AnthonyAdmiral
Sir Anthony Hoskins
(1828–1901)
28 September 18911 November 18932岁34天[7]
60
Richards, FrederickAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir Frederick Richards
(1833–1912)
1 November 189319 August 18995岁291天[7]
61
Kerr, WalterAdmiral of the Fleet
Lord Walter Kerr
(1839–1927)
19 August 189921 October 19045岁63天[8]
First Sea Lords
62
Fisher, JohnAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir John Fisher
(1841–1920)
21 October 190425 January 19105岁96天[9]
63
Wilson, ArthurAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir Arthur Wilson
(1842–1921)
25 January 19105 December 19111岁314天[10]
64
Bridgeman, FrancisAdmiral
Sir Francis Bridgeman
(1848–1929)
5 December 19119 December 19121岁4天[11]
65
Mountbatten, LouisAdmiral
Prince Louis of Battenberg
(1854–1921)
9 December 191230 October 19141岁325天[12]
(62)
Fisher, JohnAdmiral of the Fleet
The Lord Fisher
(1841–1920)
30 October 191415 May 1915197天[13]
66
Jackson, HenryAdmiral
Sir Henry Jackson
(1855–1929)
15 May 191530 November 19161岁199天[14]
67
Jellicoe, JohnAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir John Jellicoe
(1859–1935)
30 November 191610 January 19181岁41天[15]
68
Wemyss, RosslynAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir Rosslyn Wemyss
(1864–1933)
10 January 19181 November 19191岁295天[16]
69
Beatty, DavidAdmiral of the Fleet
The Earl Beatty
(1871–1936)
1 November 191930 July 19277岁271天[17]
70
Madden, CharlesAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir Charles Madden
(1862–1935)
30 July 192730 July 19303岁0天[18]
71
Field, FrederickAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir Frederick Field
(1871–1945)
30 July 193021 January 19332岁175天[19]
72
Chatfield, ErnleAdmiral of the Fleet
The Lord Chatfield
(1873–1967)
21 January 19337 September 19385岁229天[20]
73
Backhouse, RogerAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir Roger Backhouse
(1878–1939)
7 September 193812 June 1939278天[21]
74
Pound, DudleyAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir Dudley Pound
(1877–1943)
12 June 193915 October 19434岁125天[22]
75
Cunningham, AndrewAdmiral of the Fleet
The Viscount Cunningham of Hyndhope
(1883–1963)
15 October 194324 May 19462岁221天[23]
76
Cunningham, JohnAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir John Cunningham
(1885–1962)
24 May 194629 September 19482岁128天[24]
77
Fraser, BruceAdmiral of the Fleet
The Lord Fraser of North Cape
(1888–1981)
29 September 194820 December 19513岁82天[25]
78
McGrigor, RhoderickAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir Rhoderick McGrigor
(1893–1959)
20 December 195118 April 19553岁119天[26]
79
Mountbatten, LouisAdmiral of the Fleet
The Earl Mountbatten of Burma
(1900–1979)
18 April 195519 October 19594岁184天[27]
80
Lambe, CharlesAdmiral
Sir Charles Lambe
(1900–1960)
19 October 195923 May 1960217天[28]
81
John, CasparAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir Caspar John
(1903–1984)
23 May 19607 August 19633岁76天[29]
82
Luce, DavidAdmiral
Sir David Luce
(1906–1971)
7 August 196315 March 19662岁220天[30]
83
Begg, VarylAdmiral
Sir Varyl Begg
(1908–1995)
15 March 196612 August 19682岁150天[31]
84
Fanu, MichaelAdmiral
Sir Michael Le Fanu
(1913–1970)
12 August 19683 July 19701岁325天[32]
85
Hill, PeterAdmiral
Sir Peter Hill-Norton
(1915–2004)
3 July 19709 April 1971280天[33]
86
Pollock, MichaelAdmiral
Sir Michael Pollock
(1916–2006)
9 April 19711 March 19742岁326天[34]
87
Ashmore, EdwardAdmiral
Sir Edward Ashmore
(1919–2016)
1 March 19749 February 19772岁345天[35]
88
Lewin, TerenceAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir Terence Lewin
(1920–1999)
1 March 19776 July 19792岁127天[36]
89
Leach, HenryAdmiral
Sir Henry Leach
(1923–2011)
6 July 19791 December 19823岁148天[37]
90
Fieldhouse, JohnAdmiral
Sir John Fieldhouse
(1928–1992)
1 December 19822 August 19852岁244天[38]
91
Staveley, WilliamAdmiral
Sir William Staveley
(1928–1997)
2 August 198525 May 19893岁296天[39]
92
Oswald, JulianAdmiral
Sir Julian Oswald
(1933–2011)
25 May 19892 March 19933岁281天[40]
93
Bathurst, BenjaminAdmiral
Sir Benjamin Bathurst
(出生于1936)
2 March 199310 July 19952岁130天[41]
94
Slater, JockAdmiral
Sir Jock Slater
(出生于1938)
10 July 19958 October 19983岁90天[42]
95
Boyce, MichaelAdmiral
Sir Michael Boyce
(出生于1943)
8 October 199816 January 20012岁100天[42]
96
Essenhigh, NigelAdmiral
Sir Nigel Essenhigh
(出生于1944)
16 January 200117 September 20021岁244天[43]
97
West, AlanAdmiral
Sir Alan West
(出生于1948)
17 September 20026 February 20063岁142天[42]
98
Band, JonathonAdmiral
Sir Jonathon Band
(出生于1950)
6 February 200621 July 20093岁165天[42]
99
Stanhope, MarkAdmiral
Sir Mark Stanhope
(出生于1952)
21 July 20099 April 20133岁262天[42]
100
Zambellas, GeorgeAdmiral
Sir George Zambellas
(出生于1958)
9 April 20138 April 20162岁365天[44]
101
Jones, PhilipAdmiral
Sir Philip Jones
(出生于1960)
8 April 201619 June 20193岁72天[45]
102
Radakin, TonyAdmiral
Tony Radakin
(出生于1965)
19 June 2019现任1岁89天[46][47]
  1. ^ Archives, The National. Admiralty: Office of the First Sea Lord, later First Sea Lord and Chief of the Naval Staff: Correspondence and Papers. discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk. The National Archives. UK. [2017-02-06]. (原始内容存档于2017-02-06). 
  2. ^ 注意“第一海务大臣”与“海军大臣 ”(英语:First Lord of the Admiralty, 简作First Lord,亦译作“第一海军大臣”)为两个不同职位。在近现代,后者是政务官,而前者是军官职位,虽然中文习惯译作“大臣”,但实际性质是武将而不是文官。
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 Rodger 1979, p. 34.
  4. ^ 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 4.19 4.20 4.21 4.22 4.23 Rodger, p. 51-52
  5. ^ 5.00 5.01 5.02 5.03 5.04 5.05 5.06 5.07 5.08 5.09 5.10 5.11 5.12 5.13 5.14 5.15 5.16 5.17 5.18 Rodger 1979, p. 69.
  6. ^ 6.00 6.01 6.02 6.03 6.04 6.05 6.06 6.07 6.08 6.09 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 6.15 6.16 6.17 6.18 Sainty 1975, pp. 18–31.
  7. ^ 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.8 7.9 The Commissioners ("Lords") of the Admiralty 1828 – 1895. W Loney RN. [25 January 2014]. (原始内容存档于2020-04-20). 
  8. ^ Heathcote 2002, p. 144.
  9. ^ Mackay 1973, p. 315.
  10. ^ Heathcote 2002, p. 268.
  11. ^ Admiral Sir Francis Bridgeman. 牛津国家人物传记大辞典 线上版. 牛津大学出版社. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/32062.  需要订阅或英国公共图书馆会员资格
  12. ^ Kerr 1934, p. 238.
  13. ^ Heathcote 2002, p. 83.
  14. ^ Heathcote 2002, p. 127.
  15. ^ Heathcote 2002, p. 130.
  16. ^ Heathcote 2002, p. 252.
  17. ^ Heathcote 2002, p. 26.
  18. ^ Heathcote 2002, p. 164.
  19. ^ Heathcote 2002, p. 75.
  20. ^ Heathcote 2002, p. 42.
  21. ^ Heathcote 2002, p. 21.
  22. ^ Heathcote 2002, p. 217.
  23. ^ Heathcote 2002, p. 60.
  24. ^ Heathcote 2002, p. 63.
  25. ^ Heathcote 2002, p. 90.
  26. ^ Heathcote 2002, p. 162.
  27. ^ Heathcote 2002, p. 189.
  28. ^ Heathcote 2002, p. 150.
  29. ^ Heathcote 2002, p. 139.
  30. ^ Sir David Luce. Unit Histories. [25 January 2014]. (原始内容存档于2017-09-12). 
  31. ^ Heathcote 2002, p. 29.
  32. ^ Heathcote 2002, p. 155.
  33. ^ Heathcote 2002, p. 115.
  34. ^ Heathcote 2002, p. 214.
  35. ^ Heathcote 2002, p. 16.
  36. ^ Heathcote 2002, p. 158.
  37. ^ Heathcote 2002, p. 152.
  38. ^ Heathcote 2002, p. 78.
  39. ^ Heathcote 2002, p. 235.
  40. ^ Heathcote 2002, p. 204.
  41. ^ Heathcote 2002, p. 23.
  42. ^ 42.0 42.1 42.2 42.3 42.4 Who's Who 2010, A & C Black, 2010, ISBN 978-1-408-11414-8
  43. ^ Sir Nigel Essenhigh. University of Exeter. [25 January 2014]. (原始内容存档于3 February 2014).  已忽略未知参数|url-status= (帮助)
  44. ^ Admiral Zambellas new First Sea Lord. Inside Government. 9 April 2013 [25 January 2014]. (原始内容存档于2019-12-23). 
  45. ^ Admiral Sir Philip Jones takes over as First Sea Lord. Royal Navy. 8 April 2016 [8 April 2016]. (原始内容存档于2020-05-03). 
  46. ^ 引用错误:没有为名为Radakin的参考文献提供内容
  47. ^ A 'generation of innovators' has been appointed to run the military in a shake-up of the top ranks of the Army, Navy and RAF. The Daily Telegraph. 3 December 2018 [3 December 2018]. (原始内容存档于2019-12-20) (英语). 
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第一海务大臣
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