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第二次男爵战争

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第二次男爵战争
Civil War in England.jpg
日期1264–1267
地点
英格兰
结果 王党胜利
参战方
王党 男爵派
指挥官与领导者
Royal Arms of England (1198-1340).svg
亨利三世
Arms of Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk.svg
爱德华亲王
普罗旺斯的埃莉诺
Armoiries seigneurs Montfort.svg
第六代莱斯特伯爵西蒙·德孟福尔  

第二次男爵战争(Second Barons' War)是1264–1267年间英格兰王国发生的一场内战。对阵双方是第六代莱斯特伯爵西蒙·德孟福尔领导的一大批男爵和亨利三世(后期为爱德华亲王)。莱斯特伯爵的目的是要求国王组建一个男爵议会来治理国家,而非听凭国王的喜好。为了得到男爵派的支持,他废除了男爵们欠犹太人的债务,他的儿子亨利和西蒙还屠杀过犹太人。莱斯特伯爵获得了最初的胜利,统治了英格兰一段时间,召开了第一次由直接选举产生的议会。但是大约一年之后(1265年),他在伊夫舍姆战役中为王党势力所杀。战争则在两年后以男爵们投降而完全结束。[1]

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第二次男爵战争
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