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现代款式的簪
现代款式的簪
插簪的现代发型
插簪的现代发型

zān
zēn
[1],又称簪子发簪冠簪,是用以固定头发或顶戴的发饰,同时有装饰作用,一般为单股(单臂),双股(双臂)的称为发钗,形似

中国古时男女也用簪来固定发冠,亦有把插在头上,方便随时记事,称为簪笔(簪笔原指一种将毛装在簪头的冠饰)。由于戴官帽时会用簪来固定,故簪常借用来指官宦身份,如簪绂、簪缨和簪笏,用来比喻荣显富贵。(缨绂是丝帽带,乃手版)。日本女性的传统发型也常用簪作装饰。朝鲜妇女穿着韩服时,会用簪插在发髻,如戴上假髻,亦会以簪作装饰。

钗指妇女用的发饰。金钗指金制的发钗,喻高贵的妇女。荆钗指以荆枝为发钗,喻妇女朴素的服饰(土钗为扒刈和扠草用的铁叉,不是发饰)。由于钗有两股,分钗便被借用来指夫妻分离,如“破镜分钗”、“分钗断带”。

古代的簪和钗除了金属和荆枝外,还有玉石玳瑁陶瓷等各种材质制造。发夹出现后,簪和钗就渐渐少人使用。直至近年又再流行,除了传统的材质外,还有全枝用塑胶制造的簪钗或以塑胶为装饰的簪钗,另外镶上水晶或其他半宝石的簪钗亦很流行。

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参考资料

  1. ^ 存档副本. [2013-06-12]. (原始内容存档于2015-06-06).  中华民国教育部国语辞典简编本【网络版】

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