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配置管理

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配置管理(英语:Configuration Management,简称 CM),或译为配置管理,是一个创建系统工程的过程,用来创建与维持一个产品,让这个产品的性能、功能,以及它所要求的物理特性,在它的生命周期中,都能保持稳定与一致性。

信息电信的领域,配置管理、或配置控制(configuration control)拥有以下的意涵:

  1. 从一特定系统寿命的开发期到营运期,凭借针对自动化数据系统的硬件软件固件文件测试、测试设备、以及测试文件所做的变更的管制,进行安全特点与安全保证的管理,原始码管理、或版本控制是其中的一部分;
  2. 系统生命周期内从头到尾,针对硬件、软件、固件、以及文件所做的变更(包括其派生出的纪录)的管制;
  3. 针对复杂系统的发展的管制、与适应。是一种规则,能让逐步成形的软件产品持续处于控制之下,因此能够满足质量,延缓限制。软件形态管理(或简称SCM)可划分为二个区域,SCM 的第一个(较为早期的)区域,是关于在软件开发方案期间所产生的实体的存储,有时会交付构件仓库管理(Component Repository Management,简称CRM)。SCM 的第二个区域,是关于这些实体的生产、亦或变更的活动,工程支持一词也经常关系于这第二个区域;
  4. 当创建了一个(电信、或信息系统的)形态之后,针对该形态、或与其相关系的系统构件所做的评估、与变更核准;
  5. 针对分散队列双总线(Distributed Queue Dual Bus,简称DQDB)型式的网络,保证一特定DQDB网络的所有节点上的资源,都会被安装到一个正确的双总线拓蹼(dual-bus topology)的功能。这些被控管的功能,包括总线的表头数据(Head of Bus,简称HOB)、外部计时来源、以及内定的讯槽产生器(Slot generator)等功能;

软件配置管理(SCM)的产品

更完整的列表参见版本控制软件列表。

  • Cfengine, administers and configures computers according to high-level language configuration files
  • CodeBeamer,a web-based collaborative development tool including tracker with workflow, CMDB, document management, forum, wiki, source code browsing functions, and Escalation Management(Optional), supports Eclipse, ANT, CVS, Subversion, Git, Mercurial, etc.
  • KONFIG CM, [1]the total configuration management solution for software, hardware, data and all physical items.
  • LCFG, a large scale UNIX configuration system
  • Puppet, administers and configures computers according to high-level configuration files
  • ControlTieropen source configuration management and process automation tools for deploying multi-tier enterprise applications.
  • NetDirectorNetDirector is an open source configuration management tool for managing open source applications running on many variants of Linux. Unique features include the ability to simultaneously push changes out to many different platforms.
  • IsiSetup provides a commandline interface to manage your system configuration files using a revision control tool. It runs on most Debian-based distributions and integrates well into the Debian package management system.
  • Changelogic enables web based branch, task and release management. It supports CVS and Subversion for underlying version control.
  • Configuration Management Kit a collection of templates, draft plans and similar resources to support CM implementation..
  • SMS 2003 Desired Configuration Monitoring a free download to enable definition of configuration items, automated configuration compliance auditing and compliance reporting
  • Mercury Universal CMDB, a toolset consisting of a business/service data model with built-in auto-discovery of configurations dependencies, visualization and business services mapping, and capabilities to track and measure configuration changes.

软件/硬件/网络 配置管理的构成要素(CMDB)

  • ZENmetrics, an agentless software component for collecting and integrating CMDB data with 3rd party and bespoke applications.
  • RANCID - networking equipment configuration monitoring/management software
  • Efecte – A commercial CMDB implementation for configuration and change management. Supports most ITIL processes.

软件/硬件/网络 配置管理的服务管理套餐

配置管理相关网站

  • CMBoK, 共同研究‘形态管理知识体系’(Configuration Management Body of Knowledge,简写CMBOK) 的网站;
  • CmWiki, Configuration Management Wiki - 一个专注于形态管理的wiki网站;
  • Cm Yellowpages, Resource Directory for all things CM related
  • CM Community, Connecting Configuration Management Professionals around the World: An independent website which contains numerous resources on configuration management which includes CM Forum, CM Jobs Database, CM Salary Survey, CM processes and etc.
  • ABS Consulting, Professional SCM services company specializing in Rational ClearCase
  • ITIL Configuration Management, Major forum discussing CM in the context of ITIL
  • CM Crossroads, an online community and resource center for Configuration Management featuring discussion forums, jobs board and newsletters including the CM Journal
  • UCMcentral[永久失效链接], Configuration Management Coffee Break Site
  • Steve Easterbrook's CM Resource Guide [2]
  • Parallel Development Strategies for Software Configuration Management [3]
  • An article on Open source configuration management tools, including references to many of them, see Comments on OSS/FS Software Configuration Management(SCM) Systems
  • CM Magazin, a German-language online magazine for Configuration Management
  • Institute of Configuration Management, home of CM II [4]
  • Comparison chart of version control products

参见

外部链接

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配置管理
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