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经济萧条

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本条目存在以下问题,请协助改善本条目或在讨论页针对议题发表看法。 此条目需要精通或熟悉经济学的编者参与及协助编辑。 (2019年2月3日)请邀请适合的人士改善本条目。更多的细节与详情请参见讨论页。另见其他需要经济学专家关注的页面。 此条目没有列出任何参考或来源。 (2019年1月29日)维基百科所有的内容都应该可供查证。请协助补充可靠来源改善这篇条目无法查证的内容可能会因为异议提出而移除。

经济萧条(英语:economic depression)是在一个或多个经济体在各方面的经济活动持续长期下滑的结果。它比经济衰退更为严重。

经济萧条是一种不同寻常的极端衰退形式。经济萧条的特点是:

  • 持续时间非常长,
  • 失业率异常大幅上升,
  • 信贷可用性下降(通常是由于某种形式的银行业或金融危机),
  • 经济产出大幅减少(由于需求干涸而供应减少,供应商减少生产和投资),
  • 大量破产包括主权债务违约,
  • 贸易和商业(特别是国际贸易)数量显着减少,
  • 高度不稳定的相对货币价值波动(通常是由于货币贬值)。价格通缩,金融危机和银行倒闭是经济萧条的常见因素,却通常不会在经济衰退时出现。
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经济萧条
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