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羽觞

维基百科,自由的百科全书

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西汉漆器羽觞
西汉漆器羽觞
西晋黑陶羽觞
西晋黑陶羽觞
唐代的鎏金蔓草鸳鸯纹银羽觞,1970年陕西西安何家村出土
唐代的鎏金蔓草鸳鸯纹银羽觞,1970年陕西西安何家村出土

羽觞读若“商”,指酒杯),又称羽杯耳杯,是中国古代的一种盛酒器具,器具外形椭圆、浅腹、平底,两侧有半月形双耳,有时也有饼形足或高足。因其形状像,两侧有耳,就像鸟的双翼,故名“羽觞”。

羽觞出现于战国时期,一直延续使用至,名称逐渐通俗化为“耳杯”,其后逐渐消失。

在中国各地的考古发现中多有羽觞出土,材质有等。漆、铜、金羽觞多是实用的器物,而陶羽觞是一种随葬用的冥器。漆羽觞出土数量很多,湖南长沙杨家湾六号墓曾一次就出土20件。

  • 礼记·投壶》:“请行觞”。
  • 楚辞》:“瑶浆密勺,实羽觞兮”。
  • 张衡《西京赋》:“促中堂之狭坐,羽觞行而无算。”
  • 汉书·孝成班婕姝》云:“酌羽觞兮消忧”。
  • 王羲之兰亭集序》:“此地有崇山峻岭,茂林修竹,又有清流急湍,映带左右,引以为流觞曲水”。
  • 李白《春夜宴从弟桃花园序》:“开琼筵以坐花,飞羽觞而醉月。”。

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羽觞
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