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解剖学术语(Terminologia Anatomica (TA))是人体解剖学术语的国际标准。由FCAT(Federative International Committee on Anatomical Terminology英语Federative International Committee on Anatomical Terminology)与IFAA(International Federation of Associations of Anatomists英语International Federation of Associations of Anatomists)制定,于1998年发布[1]。TA取代了之前的标准Nomina Anatomica[2],新标准包含约7500个人类总体(宏观)解剖结构的术语。[3] 于2011年4月,FCAT的继任者FIPAT(Federative International Programme on Anatomical Terminologies英语Federative International Programme on Anatomical Terminologies)发布了Terminologia Anatomica的在线版本。[4]


TA将解剖结构分为以下主要类别(括号中为拉丁文) :

A01: 一般解剖学 (anatomia generalis)

  • 基本解剖学(anatomia generalissima)
  1. 人体部位
  2. 解剖平面,线,区域


  1. 颅骨
  2. 颅骨骨骼
  3. 脊柱
  4. 上肢骨骼
  5. 下肢骨骼


  1. 颅骨关节英语Fibrous joint
  2. 椎关节
  3. 胸关节
  4. 骨盆带的关节
  5. 上肢关节
  6. 下肢关节


  1. 头部肌肉
  2. 颈部肌肉
  3. 背部肌肉
  4. 胸肌
  5. 腹部肌肉
  6. 上肢肌肉
  7. 下肢肌肉
  8. 腱鞘滑液囊

A05:消化系统(systema digestorium)

  1. 咽峡
  2. 食道
  3. 小肠
  4. 大肠
  5. 肝脏胆囊
  6. 胰腺

A06:呼吸系统(systema respiratorium)

  1. 气管
  2. 支气管

A07:胸腔(cavitas thoracis)

A08:泌尿系统(systema urinarium)

  1. 输尿管
  2. 膀胱
  3. 女性尿道
  4. 男性尿道

A09:生殖系统(systemata genitalia)

  1. 女性内生殖器
  2. 女性外生殖器
  3. 男性内生殖器
  4. 男性外生殖器
  5. 会阴

A10:腹腔(cavitas abdominis et pelvis)

A11:内分泌腺(glandulae endocrinae

  1. 垂体
  2. 松果体
  3. 甲状腺
  4. 副甲状腺
  5. 肾上腺
  6. 胰岛

A12:循环系统(systema cardiovasculare)

  1. 动脉
  2. 静脉
  3. 淋巴干和淋巴导管

A13:淋巴系统(systema lymphoideum)

  1. 初级淋巴器官
  2. 次级淋巴器官
  3. 区域淋巴结

A14:神经系统(systema nervosum)

  1. 中枢神经系统
    1. 脑膜
    2. 脊髓
    3. 延髓
    4. 桥脑
    5. 中脑
    6. 小脑
    7. 间脑
    8. 大脑
  2. 周围神经系统
    1. 脑神经
    2. 脊神经
  3. 自主神经系统

A15:感觉器官(organa sensuum)

  1. 和相关结构(嗅觉器官
  2. 眼睛及相关结构(视觉系统
  3. 听觉系统
  4. 和相关结构(味觉系统

A16:表皮系统(integumentum commune)

  1. 皮肤
  2. 皮下组织


  1. ^ 道兰氏医学词典中的Terminologia Anatomica[失效链接]
  2. ^ Terminologia Anatomica: International Anatomical Terminology. New York: Thieme Medical Publishers. 1998. ISBN 0-86577-808-6. 
  3. ^ Connecting Medical Informatics and Bio-informatics: Proceedings of MIE2005 : the XIXth International Congress of the European Federation for Medical Informatics - Google Book Preview. : 666 [March 9, 2017]. (原始内容存档于2020-07-09). 
  4. ^ (原始内容存档于2011-10-05).  缺少或|title=为空 (帮助)
  5. ^ 存档副本. [2020-07-06]. (原始内容存档于2016-11-01). 
  6. ^ 存档副本. [2020-07-06]. (原始内容存档于2016-05-12). 
  7. ^ 存档副本. [2020-07-06]. (原始内容存档于2016-10-27). 
  8. ^ TAa10. [2020-07-06]. (原始内容存档于2016-08-29). 
  9. ^ 存档副本. [2020-07-06]. (原始内容存档于2016-08-29). 
  10. ^ 存档副本. [2020-07-06]. (原始内容存档于2019-05-16). 



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