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解剖学术语

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解剖学术语(Terminologia Anatomica (TA))是人体解剖学术语的国际标准。由FCAT(Federative International Committee on Anatomical Terminology英语Federative International Committee on Anatomical Terminology)与IFAA(International Federation of Associations of Anatomists英语International Federation of Associations of Anatomists)制定,于1998年发布[1]。TA取代了之前的标准Nomina Anatomica[2],新标准包含约7500个人类总体(宏观)解剖结构的术语。[3] 于2011年4月,FCAT的继任者FIPAT(Federative International Programme on Anatomical Terminologies英语Federative International Programme on Anatomical Terminologies)发布了Terminologia Anatomica的在线版本。[4]

解剖结构类别

TA将解剖结构分为以下主要类别(括号中为拉丁文) :

A01: 一般解剖学 (anatomia generalis)

  • 基本解剖学(anatomia generalissima)
  1. 人体部位
  2. 解剖平面,线,区域

A02:骨骼(ossa)

  1. 颅骨
  2. 颅骨骨骼
  3. 脊柱
  4. 上肢骨骼
  5. 下肢骨骼

A03:关节(juncturae)

  1. 颅骨关节英语Fibrous joint
  2. 椎关节
  3. 胸关节
  4. 骨盆带的关节
  5. 上肢关节
  6. 下肢关节

A04:肌肉(musculi)

  1. 头部肌肉
  2. 颈部肌肉
  3. 背部肌肉
  4. 胸肌
  5. 腹部肌肉
  6. 上肢肌肉
  7. 下肢肌肉
  8. 腱鞘滑液囊

A05:消化系统(systema digestorium)

  1. 咽峡
  2. 食道
  3. 小肠
  4. 大肠
  5. 肝脏胆囊
  6. 胰腺

A06:呼吸系统(systema respiratorium)

  1. 气管
  2. 支气管

A07:胸腔(cavitas thoracis)

A08:泌尿系统(systema urinarium)

  1. 输尿管
  2. 膀胱
  3. 女性尿道
  4. 男性尿道

A09:生殖系统(systemata genitalia)

  1. 女性内生殖器
  2. 女性外生殖器
  3. 男性内生殖器
  4. 男性外生殖器
  5. 会阴

A10:腹腔(cavitas abdominis et pelvis)

A11:内分泌腺(glandulae endocrinae

  1. 垂体
  2. 松果体
  3. 甲状腺
  4. 副甲状腺
  5. 肾上腺
  6. 胰岛

A12:循环系统(systema cardiovasculare)

  1. 动脉
  2. 静脉
  3. 淋巴干和淋巴导管

A13:淋巴系统(systema lymphoideum)

  1. 初级淋巴器官
  2. 次级淋巴器官
  3. 区域淋巴结

A14:神经系统(systema nervosum)

  1. 中枢神经系统
    1. 脑膜
    2. 脊髓
    3. 延髓
    4. 桥脑
    5. 中脑
    6. 小脑
    7. 间脑
    8. 大脑
  2. 周围神经系统
    1. 脑神经
    2. 脊神经
  3. 自主神经系统

A15:感觉器官(organa sensuum)

  1. 和相关结构(嗅觉器官
  2. 眼睛及相关结构(视觉系统
  3. 听觉系统
  4. 和相关结构(味觉系统

A16:表皮系统(integumentum commune)

  1. 皮肤
  2. 皮下组织

参考文献

  1. ^ 道兰氏医学词典中的Terminologia Anatomica[失效链接]
  2. ^ Terminologia Anatomica: International Anatomical Terminology. New York: Thieme Medical Publishers. 1998. ISBN 0-86577-808-6. 
  3. ^ Connecting Medical Informatics and Bio-informatics: Proceedings of MIE2005 : the XIXth International Congress of the European Federation for Medical Informatics - Google Book Preview. books.google.com. : 666 [March 9, 2017]. (原始内容存档于2020-07-09). 
  4. ^ http://www.unifr.ch/ifaa/. (原始内容存档于2011-10-05).  缺少或|title=为空 (帮助)
  5. ^ 存档副本. [2020-07-06]. (原始内容存档于2016-11-01). 
  6. ^ 存档副本. [2020-07-06]. (原始内容存档于2016-05-12). 
  7. ^ 存档副本. [2020-07-06]. (原始内容存档于2016-10-27). 
  8. ^ TAa10. www.unifr.ch. [2020-07-06]. (原始内容存档于2016-08-29). 
  9. ^ 存档副本. [2020-07-06]. (原始内容存档于2016-08-29). 
  10. ^ 存档副本. [2020-07-06]. (原始内容存档于2019-05-16). 

参见

外部链接

template:System and organs英语template:System and organs template:Medical classification英语template:Medical classification

template:Authority control files英语template:Authority control files

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解剖学术语
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