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辅酶被消耗在其帮助的反应上,如NADH辅酶被氧化还原反应转化至NAD+。但辅酶是会再产生的,且其在细胞内的浓度会维持在一稳定的程度。 辅酶的一特殊子集为辅基。其辅因子(或称辅助因子)会紧紧黏在酵素上,且不会在反应中被消耗。辅基包含有钼蝶呤、硫辛胺和生物素

酶蛋白与辅酶单独存在时,一般无催化能力,只有二者结合成完整的分子时,才具有活性 ,此完整的酶分子称为全酶。


  1. ^ 存档副本. [2021-12-16]. (原始内容存档于2021-12-16). 
  2. ^ 存档副本. [2021-12-16]. (原始内容存档于2021-12-16). 


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