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农学

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农学,狭义上专指农艺学(英语:Agronomy)是研究与农作物生产相关领域科学,包括作物生长发育规律及其与外界环境条件的关系、病虫害防治、土壤与营养、种植制度、遗传育种等领域。广义的农学则涵盖农业相关的各类科学领域。

学科分类

农学主要包括:植物栽培学、植物育种学、耕作学、土壤学、植物保护学、肥料学、农田水利学、农业机械学、昆虫学、病虫害防制。

狭义的农学主要研究两大类作物的生产:直接为人类提供粮食作物和为饲养牲畜用的饲料作物。但一些分支学科也研究水果经济作物的生产。

而根据中华人民共和国教育部的定义,农学下属的一级学科有:作物学、园艺学、农业资源利用、植物保护、畜牧学兽医学林学水产、草学。

著名学者

农业科学学者
农业科学学者

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农学
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