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都市衰退

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肯顿市的衰退街道,该市评比为美国最糟城市
肯顿市的衰退街道,该市评比为美国最糟城市

城市衰退(英语:urban decay)是一个城市、或城市的一部分,逐渐变得失修、荒废的过程。通常伴随这个过程产生的现象包括去工业化去城市化人口流失、财产放弃、高失业率犯罪率、家庭分离等。整个城市也因为缺乏建设的关系,呈现出残破寂寥之景。

造成城市衰退的原因有很多,这些原因彼此也相互影响。例如现代社会,新的城市规划[1]交通建设[2],使原本位于交通中途点的城市失去功能;或工业社会里,原本具优势的产业逐渐萧条,而当地社会又未发展出其他足以支撑原经济规模的新产业[3];也可能是战争种族纠纷[4]造成人口迁移。

另见

参考文献

  1. ^ Urban Sores: On the Interaction Between Segregation, Urban Decay, and Deprived Neighbourhoods页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆 By Hans Skifter Andersen. ISBN 0754633055. 2003.
  2. ^ The Power Broker: Robert Moses and the Fall of New York by Robert Caro. Page 522.
  3. ^ Lupton, R. and Power, A. (2004) The Growth and Decline of Cities and Regions. CASE-Brookings Census Brief No.1
  4. ^ White Flight: Atlanta and the Making of Modern Conservatism 互联网档案馆存档,存档日期2007-06-10.
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都市衰退
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