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量子三位元

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量子三位元(qutrit;quantum trit)是由3位能级量子系统实现的量子信息单元,而3能级量子系统可能处于三个相互正交量子态叠加架构里。[1]

量子三位元类似于经典的基数-3 trit,就如量子位元(由两个正交状态的叠加描述之量子系统)类似于经典的基数-2bit一样。

使用具有多种状态的量子三位元(qutrit)及量子位元(qubit) 开发量子电脑的工作正在持续进行中。[2]

理论描述

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注释

  1. ^ Nisbet-Jones, Peter B. R.; Dilley, Jerome; Holleczek, Annemarie; Barter, Oliver; Kuhn, Axel. Photonic qubits, qutrits and ququads accurately prepared and delivered on demand. New Journal of Physics. 2013, 15 (5): 053007. Bibcode:2013NJPh...15e3007N. ISSN 1367-2630. arXiv:1203.5614可免费查阅. doi:10.1088/1367-2630/15/5/053007 (英语). 
  2. ^ Qudits: The Real Future of Quantum Computing?. IEEE Spectrum. [2021-05-24]. 

参考文献

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量子三位元
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