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错金银

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战国至西汉时期的错金银异兽纹带钩。
战国至西汉时期的错金银异兽纹带钩。

错金是一种青铜器装饰工艺,以在器物表面上镶嵌金丝。如果同时镶嵌银丝,称之为错金银。如只镶嵌银丝,则称为错银[1]

方法

古早错金的方法如下:

  • 一、先在器物表面錾刻出线条,或是在铸造器物前先在范上为铸具预留凹线。
  • 二、调制“金汞齐”,以400摄氏度热熔了的液态混合七倍的液态,制成泥金
  • 三、将泥金涂绘在器物表面凹入的线条上,再等待汞蒸发,只余下金线留在器物表面。
  • 四、再用磨石、皮革将金线磨平。错银的方法同错金。

但由于汞对人体有害,现今除非特别的状况否则通常都不再使用金汞齐的做法。

取而代之的是用雕刻搭配金线、银线取代。 现今的错金方法如下

  • 一、在物器表面雕刻出线条、凹槽平面。
  • 二、若要错金的地方为线条,则在线条内侧刻出粗糙的痕迹,若是大平面错金,则用勾丝刀交错将底面雕刻成粗糙面以增加抓附力。
  • 三、将金线按入要镶嵌的地方,然后用槌子、气动刀等器材将金线夯实
  • 四、用砂纸、皮革等将表面打磨平整后即完成。

历史

错金工艺在东周时期已经存在,在汉代尤为鼎盛。

参考文献

  1. ^ 陈佩芳:《中国青铜器辞典》,上海:上海辞书出版社,2013年,第六册。
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错金银
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