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镇 (器具)

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战国带提环浮雕蟠龙铜镇,通高8厘米,径11.8厘米,曾侯乙墓出土。
战国带提环浮雕蟠龙铜镇,通高8厘米,径11.8厘米,曾侯乙墓出土。

为压物器具,中国的镇最初用来压,出现于战国,盛行于汉代,其时人们席地而坐,为了避免起身落坐时折卷席角,遂在其四角置镇,后随着家具的进步,镇逐渐不作镇席之用,而改用于压[1]。早期的镇材料有金属、原始瓷、泥质陶、石、玉等,四个一组,其外形呈半球形,实心或中空,平底,顶有环钮。现代有各种不同的造型,除陶瓷、石、玉、金属等材质外,还有玻璃、塑胶制作者。

参考文献

  1. ^ 吴山. 《中国工艺美术大辞典》. 南京: 江苏美术出版社. 1999. 
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镇 (器具)
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