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长老院 (阿富汗)

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长老院普什图语مشرانوجرګه‎,又称“上院”)是阿富汗国民议会的上院,与人民院一起组成两院制[1]

长老院一共102个席位,三分之一(34人)是由区议会选出(省),任期为3年;三分之一(34人)由省级议会(省)选出,四年任期;三分之一(34人)是总统提名,五年任期。总统提名的中一半必须是女性,2个残疾人代表,2个库奇牧民(Kuchi people)。

长老院不具有制定法律的权力,但是它有一定的否决权。

2001年,塔利班政权被推翻之后,阿富汗女性自此走入政坛。2002年,1600名女性竞选议员。2010年,405名女性竞选议员。[1]2005年,女性赢得了89个席位,她们在人民院持有67个席位(27.7%)、在长老院有22个席位(21.6%),这标志着阿富汗国民议会女性比率高于全球平均水平的18.5%,高于美国的16.8%(下院)和15.4%(上院)。

参考文献

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 背景资料:阿富汗议会选举. 新华网. 2010-09-18 [2013-01-25]. (原始内容存档于2013-09-11). 
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长老院 (阿富汗)
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