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  • 圆唇度圆唇元音,这表示嘴唇向前突起并圆形的开口,且唇内侧并不露出。


语言 例字 IPA 意思 注解
英语 河口英语[2] lot [lɒ̈ʔ] 很多 可以用[ɒ]音取代。[2]参见英语音系学
爱尔兰语 芒斯特方言英语Munster Irish[3] [比如?] /aː/窄辅音间的同位异音[3]。参见爱尔兰语音系
挪威语 东福尔郡方言英语Norwegian dialects[4] bada英语Norwegian orthography [bɒ̈ːdɐ] 洗澡


  1. ^ 虽然国际语音学学会较偏好在描述元音高度时使用“开”和“闭”,但许多语言学家也会用“高”和“低”来描述舌头相对于口腔上部的距离。
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 Altendorf & Watt (2004:188页)请注意:作者在文中有特别将[ɒ̟][ɒ̈]区分开来;前者表示一个发音位置更靠后侧的元音。
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 Breatnach (1947:12–13页)
  4. ^ Jahr (1990:92页)


  • Altendorf, Ulrike; Watt, Dominic, 4. The Southeast, Schneider, Edgar W.; Burridge, Kate; Kortmann, Bernd; Mesthrie, Rajend; Upton, Clive (编), A handbook of varieties of English, 1: Phonology, Mouton de Gruyter: 181–196, 2004, ISBN 3-11-017532-0 
  • Breatnach, Risteard B., The Irish of Ring, Co. Waterford, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, 1947, ISBN 0-901282-50-2 
  • Jahr, Ernst Håkon, Den Store dialektboka, Oslo: Novus, 1990 [2018-05-04], ISBN 8270991678, (原始内容存档于2019-07-12) 
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