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雍州刺史部

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雍州刺史部东汉时设置的刺史部雍州或作廱州

雍州是中国古代九州之一,但具体所指已无从查证。雍州地区自西周西晋始终是京畿或渭河平原及其附近。汉武帝设十三州刺史部时,该地区以西属凉州刺史部,东归司隶校尉,不独立设州。汉光武帝定都洛阳,设立过雍州,但是不久取消。

兴平元年六月丙子日(194年7月6日)[1],雍州再度成为正式行政区,东汉分凉州河西的武威张掖酒泉敦煌西海[2]设立雍州刺史部,治所在姑臧建安十八年(213年)省凉州,与司隶校尉部三辅一起并入雍州。

曹魏黄初元年(220年),分河西八郡复置凉州,曹魏时期的雍州其范围固定在原凉州黄河以东和司隶校尉部的长安及附近的三辅,治所就在当时东汉末代皇帝汉献帝的临时所在地长安曹魏西晋不变十六国前秦后秦一度将雍州迁至安定郡(今甘肃镇原)和蒲坂(今山西永济),北魏西魏北周仅将长安及其附近地区设为雍州,治所在长安。而东晋南朝襄阳侨置雍州隋朝统一后,以长安及其附近地区为雍州,隋炀帝改为京兆郡唐朝建立后,又改为雍州,唐玄宗设立京兆府

参考文献

  1. ^ 袁宏《后汉纪》卷27:六月丙子,分河西四郡为雍州。
  2. ^ 《后汉书·献帝纪》:(兴平元年)夏六月丙子,分凉州河西四郡为廱州 李贤注曰:谓金城、酒泉、敦煌、张掖
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雍州刺史部
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