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类癌

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类癌
Picture of a carcinoid tumor (center of image) that encroaches into the lumen of the small bowel (pathology specimen). The prominent folds are plicae circulares英语plicae circulares, a characteristic of the small bowel.
类型神经内分泌肿瘤, 腺癌[*]
分类和外部资源
医学专科肿瘤学
ICD-10C75 , E34.0
ICD-9-CM209.60
ICD-O英语International Classification of Diseases for OncologyM英语ICD-O8240/3
OMIM114900
DiseasesDB2040
MedlinePlus000347
eMedicinemed/271
MeSHD002276
Primary site of a carcinoid cancer of gut
Primary site of a carcinoid cancer of gut

类癌Carcinoid)为一种成长缓慢的神经内分泌肿瘤[1],源自于神经内分泌细胞英语neuroendocrine system。某些案例则会发生远端转移的状况。中肠(空肠回肠阑尾,以及盲肠)发生的类癌与类癌症候群英语carcinoid syndrome相关。

症状

大多数类癌并不会产生症状,通常都是因为其他手术才发现。类癌属于恶性肿瘤。

大约10%的类癌会释放过量的激素,其中最常见的为血清素(5-HT),过量的血清素会造成下列症状:

参见

参考文献

Cunningham JL, Janson ET. The Hallmarks of Ileal Carcinoids. Eur J Clin Invest. 2011, 41 (12): 1353–60. PMID 21605115. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2362.2011.02537.x. 

外部链接

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类癌
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