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高卢

维基百科,自由的百科全书

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高卢地图
高卢地图

高卢法语:Gaule;拉丁语:Gallia),古罗马人把居住在现今西欧的法国比利时意大利北部、荷兰南部、瑞士西部和德国南部莱茵河西岸一带的凯尔特人统称为高卢人。在后来的英语中,“Gaul”这个词(法语:Gaulois)也可能是指住在那一带的人民。不过更多时候这个词是指曾经广泛分布于中欧多瑙河中游平原、西欧东南欧的多瑙河下游平原;甚至在前285—前277年间扩张至安纳托利亚中部的使用高卢语凯尔特语族的一个分支)的那些人。高卢的古罗马语就是“Gallia”。

哈尔施塔特文化到前3世纪初期时的高卢人曾经广阔地分布在欧洲并分成了两族,除了住在今天法兰西的高卢人,还有一部分居住在亚平宁半岛北部的平原,其他的高卢人移民到今日的伊比利亚半岛不列颠群岛一带。

对于罗马的统治,高卢的部落首脑韦森盖托里克斯曾经带领高卢起义,后被凯撒击败,投降后被判绞刑

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高卢
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